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 Call of Duty - Weapons Guide

 
   
 
 
Call of Duty - Weapons Guide

===============================================================================
=                                                                             =
=                                  CALL OF DUTY                               =
=                               ------------------                            =
=                                 Weapons Guide                               =
=                                        ~                                    =
=            Written by Scottie_theNerd (scottie_thenerd@yahoo.com)           =
=                       Copyright (c) 2004 - 2005 Scott Lee                   =
=                                                                             =
===============================================================================


*******************************************************************************
				LEGAL DISCLAIMER
*******************************************************************************

This guide is written by Scott Lee, who also goes under the names of David
Nguyen and Scottie_theNerd. Should this FAQ be hosted on any site other than
GameFAQs (www.gamefaqs.com), permission is required from me before hosting.
Distributing this guide without prior permission is a direct violation of
copyright laws.

The following sites have permission to host this guide:
-GameFAQs (www.gamefaqs.com)
-NeoSeeker (www.neoseeker.com)
-Cheats.de (www.cheats.de)
-DLH.net (www.DLH.net)
-World of Gaming (www.wogaming.com)
-Combined Operations (www.combined-operations.co.uk)
-SuperCheats (www.supercheats.com)
-Cheat Channel (www.cheatchannel.com)
-Cheat Book (www.cheatbook.de)
-The Call of Duty Union 
(http://www.gamespot.com/unions/home.html?union_id=CODSU)
-1UP.com (www.1up.com)
-AbsolutCheats (www.absolutcheats.com)
-For Gamers By Gamers (http://www.fgbgamers.com)


To gain permission, ask nicely via an email to scottie_thenerd@yahoo.com. This
email should also be used if there are any specific questions related to this
guide. To ensure a response, please specify this guide in your email subject.
Anything resembling spam will be promptly removed.


===============================================================================
				Version History
===============================================================================
-v1.41 (Jan 15 2005)	-Corrected Bren name

-v1.4 (Mar 4 2005)	-Updated weapon data

-v1.3 (January 2004) 	-Corrected Flak 88 and T-34 weapon entries. Shells do 
			 not follow a curved trajectory in COD.

-v1.2 (Dec 18 2004)   	-Added Grenades and other Miscellaneous weapons
			-Corrected AT Rifle entry to Siminov PTRS
			-Fixed formatting and increased spacing to ease reading
			-Fixed majority of typographical errors

-v1.1 (Mar 27 2004)   	Changes made to section names. Full weapon names are
			now included under the weapon descriptions, permitting
			use of copy/paste to skip to the relevant section.

-v1.0 (Feb 8 2004)    	Original guide completed.
                      	*Note: Grenades and several single-player weapons have
                       	been omitted, and may be included at a later date.


---------
Contents
---------
1.0 - Introduction

2.0 - Aiming Down the Sight

3.0 - Pistols
  3.1 - Colt .45
  3.2 - Luger
  3.3 - General Pistol Tactics

4.0 - Rifles
  4.1 - M1 Garand
  4.2 - M1A1 Carbine
  4.3 - Kar98k
  4.4 - Lee-Enfield
  4.5 - Mosin-Nagant
  4.6 - General Rifle Tactics

5.0 - Submachine guns
  5.1 - Thompson
  5.2 - MP40
  5.3 - Sten
  5.4 - PPSh
  5.5 - General Submachine gun Tactics

6.0 - Support weapons
  6.1 - BAR
  6.2 - MP44
  6.3 - Bren LMG
  6.4 - General Support Tactics

7.0 - Sniper rifles
  7.1 - Springfield
  7.2 - Scoped Kar98k
  7.3 - Scoped Mosin-Nagant
  7.4 - General Sniper Tactics

8.0 - Hand Grenades
  8.1 - M2 Frag Grenade
  8.2 - Stielhandgranate
  8.3 - MK1 Frag Grenade
  8.4 - RGD-33
  8.5 - General Grenade Tactics

9.0 - Miscellaneous Weapons
  9.1 - MG42
  9.2 - Panzerfaust 60
  9.3 - FG42
  9.4 - AT Rifle
  9.5 - Flak 88
  9.6 - Flak Gun
  9.7 - T34


*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*
1.0 - INTRODUCTION
*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*

Developed by Infinity Ward and released in October 2003, Call of Duty took the
genre of WWII shooters to the next level. Aided by many veterans of the Medal
of Honor development crew, Call of Duty is a testament to the experience of
previous games of the same genre and combines them with changes in trends as
well as new, unique features.

One of the aspects emphasised in Call of Duty is the "No One Fights Alone"
approach. Rather than being a superhuman soldier, such as the Medal of Honor
characters, you are hardly any more special than the next soldier. This level
of equality means that you have to rely on your comrades to cover for you while
you do the same for them. Gung-ho tactics don't belong in Call of Duty, the
game revolves around the ability to work as a team.

Like other WWII shooters, Call of Duty has a strong historical basis on which
to create its weapons. Many old favourites return, such as the Thompson, MP40
and M1 Garand. Several uncommon weapons are also featured, including the Bren
and the FG42. Furthermore, Call of Duty makes use of iron sights, allowing
players to aim accurately instead of relying on a crosshair. The weapons in
Call of Duty are more geared towards realism than balance, allowing players to
experience the characteristics of each weapon without limitations.

The purpose of this guide is to provide an insight into these weapons, their
characteristics and their historical background. This guide also provides
general strategies and notes, but will not go into any specific details
regarding these tactics.

It is important to be mentally prepared as well as materially, and building up
knowledge provides a strong foundation for any player.



*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*
2.0 - AIMING DOWN THE SIGHT
*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*

One of the new features in Call of Duty is the ability to utilise the iron
sights on each weapon. The system, appropriately named "Aiming Down the Sight"
(ADS) allows players to gain an accurate bead on their target and making far
more accurate shots than when firing from the hip. Of course, it doesn't come
without a penalty: your vision is focused at one point, making you almost
oblivious to your surroundings, and you are slowed to walking pace. Naturally,
it is best to use the iron sights in a comfortable, stationary position.

The iron sights themselves vary from weapon to weapon, from the telescopic
sights of the sniper rifles to the offset sights of the Bren. Although each
weapon has different sights, their use is practically the same. Some weapons
are more suitable for accurate shots than others, so it is important to
maximise each weapons potential by using it appropriately in the right
situations.

In general, you should only aim down the sight at medium- to long-ranges to
maximise your chance of scoring a hit. Firing from a hidden position behind
cover also increases your survival rate, making yourself a harder target to see
and hit. Fire in single shots or short, controlled bursts to keep your sights
on the target. Remember that even when concealed, you give away your position
through your muzzle flash, sound and tracer fire. Make those shots count.

There are also times when you shouldn't use iron sights. In particular, close
quarters combat is no place for precision shots. At point-blank range, it's
pretty hard not to hit. In such cases, you should rely on your crosshair and
spray if you have to, especially with and against submachine guns. However, it
is worth using if your target is unaware of your presence, allowing for a
quick, accurate burst with a higher guarantee of a hit.

*SUMMARISED:
-Good for medium/long range sniping
-Not too appropriate in close range
-Slower speed, smaller field of vision



*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*
3.0 - PISTOLS
*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*

Pistols, in Call of Duty as well as in real life, are secondary weapons, used
only when the primary weapon is unable to be fired effectively. Small, light
and fast, the pistol is useful for undercover operations where a larger weapon
might draw suspicion. Due to their size, pistols have a very short effective
range and should only be used in close combat. Call of Duty features two
pistols: the Colt .45 for the Americans and British, and the Luger for the
Germans and Russians. Both are practically the same, differing only in look and
sound.


===============================================================================
3.1 - Colt .45
===============================================================================

Name:                    	M1911A1 Colt Automatic Pistol
Country of origin:       	USA
Available for:           	American
Calibre:                 	.45 ACP
Magazine capacity:       	7 rounds
Firing mechanism:        	Single-action, recoil-operated
Weight:				1.08kg

----------------------
Historical Background
----------------------

Designed by John Browning in 1900 and based off a previous civilian design, the
Colt M1911A1 was adopted by the US Army in 1911 after winning competitive
shooting trials in 1907. Various refinements were made after experience in the
First World War. When fired, the pistol recoils, allowing the barrel to move
downwards and back, ejecting the spent case and loading the next bullet. The
Colt also features a manual catch and external hammer, as well as a safety grip
that prevents the gun being fired unless held properly.

Initially, M1911A1's were not issued as a standard sidearm to American troops,
and was given only to officers. However, many non-commissioned soldiers
acquired their own M1911A1's, and they were later issued as a standard weapon
for all troops.

The M1911A1 has remained the standard sidearm of the US Army until late in the
20th Century without any modifications; it needs none. A solid weapon and one
of the finest pistols ever made, the M1911A1 packs a fierce punch and was a
trusty companion for the American soldier.


-------------------
Call of Duty notes
-------------------

The pistol of British and American troops, the Colt .45 is a solid sidearm.
Being a pistol, the Colt .45 is unsuited for anything beyond close quarters
combat, and should only be used as an emergency weapon when your primary
weapons run out of ammunition. Despite its .45 rounds, the Colt is surprisingly
weak in Call of Duty, hardly differing from the Luger.

As with all pistols, the iron sight offers no zoom and has little practical
value other than to squeeze off one or two aimed shots at an unwary target.
However, the pistol is quite inaccurate, and shouldn't be used where manual aim
is required.


===============================================================================
3.2 - Luger
===============================================================================

Name:                    	Pistole '08 'Luger'
Country of origin:       	Germany
Available for:           	German, Russian
Calibre:                 	9 x 19mm Parabellum
Magazine capacity:       	8 rounds
Firing mechanism:       	Single-action, recoil-operated
Weight:				0.877kg

----------------------
Historical Background
----------------------

Developed by George Luger and adopted by the Swiss army in 1900, the German
Army adopted the pistol in 1908, designating it as the 'Pistole '08'. The main
feature of the Luger was its toggle-joint breech lock, a fancy novelty that
made the Luger stand out from other pistols. The catch was that it required
precise manufacturing and perfect ammunition, both of which the German
manufacturing force was more than capable of. However, once the war was in full
stride, the difficulties of manufacturing the Luger became apparent, and the
German Army discarded the weapon in favour of the Walter P-38, which was much
simpler and achieved the same results. Despite this, the Luger remained a
popular weapon and continued to be produced to make up for the shortage of
P-38's. A variation of the Luger, the "Artillery Model", featured a longer
barrel, long-distance sights, wooden butt and 32-round drum magazine, allowing
the Luger to be used as a machine carbine, although the chances at hitting
something at those sorts of ranges were remote.

Even after the adoption of the P-38, the Luger remained in production until
1944, and there were enough spare parts left over to continue production. A
good-looking, distinctive weapon, it was a comfort to fire and was a prized
trophy for Allied soldiers.


-------------------
Call of Duty notes
-------------------

Available to Russian and German soldiers, the Luger is just as solid as the
Colt .45. However, as a pistol it is also remarkably weak and inaccurate. The
Luger should be used as a backup weapon, and is practically a copy of the
Colt .45 with an additional round.

The iron sight is slightly easier to use, with a distinctive pin-head stump.
However, like the Colt .45 it shouldn't be used in such ranges where aiming is
necessary.


===============================================================================
3.3 - General Pistol Tactics
===============================================================================

As stressed above, the pistol is weak, inaccurate and hardly worth using as
anything other than a backup weapon. Pistols are really only useful in close
quarter maps such as Chateau, but even then the submachine gun can do a much
better job, and even melee combat is more effective.

The pistol does have some good qualities to make up for its weaknesses. Pistols
are the lightest weapons, allowing you to run much faster. They also fire
faster than most rifles, but nowhere near as fast as automatic weapons. Despite
these advantages, the pistol is still not an effective weapon. For one, there
is little reason to run without your primary weapon, and its rate of fire is
less effective due to its poor damage. As such, it is more of a novelty weapon
than a serious weapon in Call of Duty, but does come in handy when all else
fails.

A popular tactic, and in fact the standard procedure in modern military
firefights, is to switch to the pistol when your primary weapon is out of
ammunition. Doing so allows you to keep up your fire and finish off a wounded
opponent, rather than reload and remain vulnerable.

The pistols don't hit hard, and due to their low magazine capacity, they don't
hit much either. When using a pistol, it is important that you score as many
head and upper torso shots as possible to maximise your kill potential. Don't
expect to take out entire squads with a pistol, it takes a full magazine to
guarantee a kill and the reload time is substantially slower than most
submachine guns. The iron sights are useful for an accurate shot or two, but
the pistol doesn't have the error margin of an automatic weapon, and it is
often wiser to change positions or simply get in your target's face to make the
most out of a hopeless situation. The pistol is no sniper rifle, you have to be
up close and personal. Medium to long range shots have a remote chance of
hitting even when using the iron sights.

*SUMMARISED:
-Close range only
-Use other weapons when possible
-Spray a target to get more hits in as fast as possible



*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*
4.0 - RIFLES
*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*

The standard weapon of every army in WWII, rifles have a long history. Being
one of the first developments of firearms, the rifled gun allowed a projectile
to be fired further and with more accuracy. As time progressed, the rifle was
improved with repeating functions, box magazines and semi-automatic fire. At
the time of WWII, only the American army had a semi-automatic rifle as their
standard weapon. The others continued to use their old rifles from WWI, tried
and true, and they remained in use throughout WWII even after other weapons had
been developed. Call of Duty's rifles are similar to their real-life
counterparts: they are incredibly strong, accurate, and require a fair amount
of skill to use effectively.


===============================================================================
4.1 - M1 Garand
===============================================================================

Name:                     	M1 Garand
Country of origin:        	USA
Available for:            	American
Calibre:                  	.30-06 (7.62 x 63mm)
Magazine capacity:       	8 rounds
Firing mechanism:        	Semi-automatic, gas-operated
Weight:				4.32kg

----------------------
Historical Background
----------------------

After the First World War, America realised the need to provide an automatic
weapon as a standard weapon for their troops. The M1903 Springfield, despite
its power, accuracy and reliability, did not provide a large volume of fire.
This was the requirement under which John C. Garand designed the Garand rifle.
Operated by a gas piston underneath the barrel, which rotated the bolt after
each shot, the Garand was able to fire as fast as the soldier could pull the
trigger. The only flaw in the design came with the fact that the Garand could
only be loaded with a full clip, preventing the firer from topping up.

Officially adopted by the American army in 1932, America started the war as the
only country with a semi-automatic weapon as a standard-issue weapon. Despite
a shortage in M1 Garands, the weapon was issued to all frontline riflemen,
proving to be an effective weapon by providing fast and accurate fire, giving
Americans the firepower advantage over German riflemen. Indeed, the M1 Garand
is one of the best combat rifles ever designed, and remained in use in the
Korean and Vietnam Wars in both its original and its M1C/M1D sharpshooter
variants.


-------------------
Call of Duty notes
-------------------

Call of Duty does a magnificent job of retaining the hitting power of the
M1 Garand while maintaining the balance with other weapons. Being a semi-
automatic weapon, the M1 Garand has a reasonably faster rate of fire. It takes
around 2-3 torso shots to neutralise an enemy, or one headshot to put him out
of commission. The M1 Garand is remarkably accurate, on par with the other
rifles and much better than the automatic weapons. Controlled, well-aimed shots
can pin down enemies while being accurate enough to pick them off. Of course,
the Garand's semi-automatic function is helpful in close quarters, but is no
match for a submachine gun or light machine gun. It is therefore important to
fight like a rifleman and keep your distance rather than rush in. Also remember
that you cannot reload in the middle of a clip, so you might want to fire off
a few rounds to empty your clip before moving into a new area.

The M1 Garand's ghost ring iron sight is simple and one of the easiest to pick
up. The ring allows the firer to focus on a target and line it up. The middle
iron pin is used to determine where you shot will land. Align the tip of the
pin with your desired target and fire. Rapid-shots will reduce the time you
have to correct your aim, so it might be better to take slower, aimed shots if
you are not suppressing the enemy. Go for headshots when you can, or pump
several rounds into their chest.


===============================================================================
4.2 - M1A1 Carbine
===============================================================================

Name:                     	M1A1 Carbine
Country of origin:        	USA
Avaiable for:             	American
Calibre:                  	.30in (7.62 x 33mm)
Magazine capacity:        	15 rounds
Firing mechanism:         	Semi-automatic, gas-operated
Weight:				2.36kg without magazine

----------------------
Historical Background
----------------------

The First World War brought forward the need to equip rear units and auxillary
forces with an effective weapon. This group basically involved anyone whose
primary purpose was not to fire a rifle. A rifle, such as the M1 Garand, was
too large and too powerful, while a pistol required too much training and was
too ineffective. After the German war machine kicked into action, the project
was quickly implemented. Starting on June 15 1940, various rifles were tested
without success. In August, Winchester submitted a simple model, and it was
accepted on September 30 and was immediately put into production.

Despite the remarkable speed in which the design went through, the M1 Carbine
was an excellent weapon that not only equipped supporting arms, but also
front line troops, becoming almost as widespread as the M1 Garand. The firing
mechanism is different from the Garand. The gas piston is curved under the
barrel and becomes a flat extension with a slot cut in, which rotates the bolt
and opens it, ejecting the spent case and loading the next round. A short
handle allows the firer to clear jams and manually load rounds.

The M1 Carbine was modified for paratroopers by replacing the stock with an
iron folding stock and pistol grip, as well as providing a socket to attach a
bayonet and designated the M1A1. A generally good weapon, it is important to
note that the M1 Carbine was a close range weapon and not a full rifle. At
short distances it was a solid and effective weapon, but at longer ranges it
was extremely poor due to the low muzzle velocity. The bullet begins to lose
accuracy and power at around 300m, and there have been reports of M1 Carbine
rounds being deflected by a mere jacket. As long as the weapon is used in its
optimum range, it was effective enough to be preferred by troops from all arms.

Production was cut after the war, and the M1 Carbine was rendered obsolete by
the introduction of the M14 Rifle. However, many weapons were distributed
amongst friendly countries and were still used in the Korean and Vietnam Wars,
the latter in particular due to the close ranges and rough jungle terrain
typical of the war.

A brief variation of the M1 Carbine was the M2, which was the same weapon
combined with a select-fire feature.


-------------------
Call of Duty notes
-------------------

An alternative to the M1 Garand, the M1A1 Carbine is the first weapon you start
off with in the Single Player game. The M1A1 Carbine can be used in the same
manner as the M1 Garand, but should be used for medium-range engagements rather
than rifle ranges. The M1A1 Carbine carries 15 rounds and can be reloaded
anytime. Despite its faster rate of fire and larger ammunition supply, the
M1A1 Carbine does substantially less damage than the M1 Garand. It is lighter
though, so it is a good idea to get into good positions to guarantee more hits
in less time.

The iron sight is quite similar to the M1 Garand. The ring allows the firer to
focus on a desired target, and the middle pin is used to determine where the
shot will land. The M1A1 Carbine is fairly accurate and rapid-shots can be
controlled, giving the M1A1 Carbine the edge in accurate, suppressive fire.
Although it does not have the power of other rifles, it is a handy weapon
nonetheless.


===============================================================================
4.3 - Kar98k
===============================================================================

Name:                     	Mauser Karabiner 1898 Kurz
Country of origin:        	Germany
Available for:            	German
Calibre:                  	7.92 x 57mm Mauser
Magazine capacity:        	5 rounds
Firing mechanism:        	Bolt-action
Weight:				3.92kg

----------------------
Historical Background
----------------------

The Mauser company has a strong and successful history, known especially for
several weapons: the C/96 Military Model pistol, which fired a 7.93mm round,
numerous rifles including the Kar98k, and undoubtedly the best machine gun
of the war: the MG42.

Mauser's success began with the German adoption of a Mauser rifle in 1871,
which eventually culminated in the Gewehr 98. The Gewehr 98 proved to be the
most powerful yet safest bolt-action rifle of its time, and was used for
civilian purposes such as sport. One of its features was the inclusion of a
fully internal magazine, which held 5 rounds and was contained perfectly in the
wooden furniture, making it comfortable to sling. This later proved to be
quite restrictive due to the low amount of ammunition, but was welcome
nonetheless. The Gewehr 98 was also manufactured from the finest materials with
precision gunmaking techniques, setting it apart from other weapons of its
kind. It was during this time that military enthusiasts did away with the
separate long rifles and carbines and used a medium-length rifle for all units.
This led to the shorter Karabiner 98 model, and it was gradually refined to
the standard-issue Kar98k model. Due to its exceptional accuracy, many Kar98k's
were issued with scopes as a standard sniper's weapon.

The Kar98k's power and accuracy came from the locking mechanism. It consisted
of three locking lugs: two at the front of the bolt and one at the rear,
giving maximum power. The catch was that the bolt-action was somewhat awkward,
requiring a 90 degree rotation utilising the firer's right arm. Due to this
action, the Kar98k could not match the fast rate of fire of the Lee-Enfield,
which only required the use of the firer's wrist. Despite this, the Kar98k
proved to be extremely reliable and remained the standard infantry weapon of
the German army, especially with the shortage of Stg44's.


-------------------
Call of Duty notes
-------------------

One of the most powerful weapons in the game, the Kar98k is a solid and
accurate weapon. With the same power as its scoped variant, the Kar98k can kill
with a shot to the head or torso. However, being a bolt-action rifle, it has
a slow rate of fire, and the 5-shot magazine leaves a bit to be desired. It is
reasonably light though, allowing the rifleman to be quite mobile. Due to its
hard hitting power, it can be used as a close combat weapon with a one-shot
kill capability, but it is not recommended due to its slow rate of fire, and
should only be done in emergency situations.

The iron sight is relatively harder to use due to its obtrusive design, but it
can be one of the most effective sights once accustomed to. To aim at a target,
move the block-stump over your target. Confirm your aim by checking that your
target is aligned with the top edges of the U-shaped notch. For reference, the
top part of the stump is where your shot will hit. Although difficult to pick
up, the Kar98k is a valuable weapon and one of the best of its kind.


===============================================================================
4.4 - Lee-Enfield
===============================================================================

Name:                      	No. 4 Rifle, Lee-Enfield
Country of origin:         	Great Britain
Available for:             	British
Calibre:                   	.303 British
Magazine capacity:        	10 rounds
Firing mechanism:         	Bolt-action
Weight:				4.11kg

----------------------
Historical Background
----------------------

Designed by James Paris Lee and manufactured at the Royal Small Arms Factory at
Enfield, the Lee-Enfield rifle was the standard infantry weapon from 1895 to
1957. The design was based off the Lee-Metford rifle, but was configured to
fire smokeless powder. The SMLE (Short Magazine, Lee-Enfield) was the most
common model, which was later simplified to form the Number 4 rifle. Due to the
British army's doctrine on musketry, accurate shooting was stressed in British
training, and the Lee-Enfield rifle provided both the accuracy and the
necessary rate of fire. One of the tests was the "Mad Minute", in which the
firer had to put 15 rounds into a target at 300 yards, and many could achieve
25 hits. Although slightly on the heavy side, the Lee-Enfield was a reliable
weapon and loved by the troops. Several variations were designed, including the
Jungle Carbine, which featured a shorter length, flash-hider and rubber recoil
pad in the butt. However, it was a beast to fire and had excessive recoil and
blast, making it unpopular with the troops. In contrast, the most accurate
Lee-Enfield rifles were modified to become sniper rifles, becoming renown in
the field of sniping.

The unique feature of the Lee-Enfield was the setup of its firing mechanism.
The Lee-Enfield had its locking lugs at the rear of the bolt, differing from
the conventional setup of locking lugs at the front and rear. Although experts
questioned the accuracy of this mechanism, firing tests and experience proved
them wrong, and the ability to fire 30-aimed shots a minute more than made up
for that doubt.


-------------------
Call of Duty notes
-------------------

The British rifle is a well-rounded weapon, having good power, accuracy and a
decent rate of fire for a bolt-action rifle. It is as powerful as the Kar98k,
with an additional 5 rounds. However, the iron sights can be slightly hard to
pick out in dark areas. The Lee-Enfield can only be reloaded with 5-round
chargers, so you cannot reload with anything more than 5 rounds still in the
magazine.

The Lee-Enfield's iron sight isn't spectacularly easy to use, but is simple and
gets the job done. The hole in the iron plate focuses your vision on your
target and the middle pin is used to determine where the bullet will hit. Move
the tip of the middle pin to your target's head or chest and fire for an
effective shot.


===============================================================================
4.5 - Mosin-Nagant
===============================================================================

Name:                      	Mosin-Nagant M1891/38
Country of origin:         	Russia
Available for:             	Russian
Calibre:                  	7.62 x 54mm R
Magazine capacity:         	5 rounds
Firing mechanism:          	Bolt-action
Weight:				3.45kg

----------------------
Historical Background
----------------------

Designed by the Russian S.I. Mosin and the Belgian Emil Nagant, the
Mosin-Nagant was developed to bypass costly patents and licenses by creating a
new weapon rather than borrow from already existing parts. The result was a
three-part cylinder bolt and a locking latch in the magazine compartment,
holding down the second and lower rounds. Although quite complex, these
features helped increase the robustness and reliability of the Mosin-Nagant,
especially with the Russian rimmed 7.62mm round, which would certainly have
jammed it if wasn't for the locking latch. Although crude compared to other
rifles, the Mosin-Nagant was exceptionally reliable, otherwise the Russians
would not have kept it.

As time passed, the Mosin-Nagant was refined and perfected. Changes include the
switch to a 'short' rifle, reconfiguring the sights due to a change in the
Russian measurement system and the inclusion of a folding bayonet. On a similar
note, early models were configured with a bayonet in mind, with sights tuned
to compensate for its imbalanced when attached. Due to its exceptional
accuracy, the Mosin-Nagant was the preferred sniper's weapon and was issued
with a scope.

The Mosin-Nagant remained in Russian service from 1891 to 1945, and was used by
Eastern Bloc countries throughout more recent conflicts such as the Vietnam
War. Simple to operate and incredibly reliable, the Mosin-Nagant was preferred
by Soviet troops over more complex rifles such as the SVT40.


-------------------
Call of Duty notes
-------------------

A solid weapon for the Russians, the Mosin-Nagant is the easiest bolt-action
rifle to use. With power comparable to the Kar98k, the Mosin-Nagant can kill
with a shot to the head or upper torso. Like the other bolt-action rifles, the
Mosin-Nagant has a slow rate of fire, and although it can kill in one hit, it
is unsuitable for close combat.

The Mosin-Nagant has arguably the best iron sights of any weapon. Consisting of
an iron ring with a pin over the muzzle, the Mosin-Nagant's iron sight is the
closest to thing to "hit what you point at". The ring helps single out targets
while maintaining a reasonable line of sight, and the pin is ideal for getting
a bead on your target. The Mosin-Nagant has a reasonably lower margin of
error due to its power and accuracy, and these advantages should be used to
their full potential.

It's also worth noting that COD uses an incorrect weapon model for the Mosin-
Nagant. COD's Mosin-Nagant has a curved bolt handle. The Russians only used
curved bolt handles for their sniper variants, and used straight bolt handles
for their standard rifles to simplify manufacturing.


===============================================================================
4.6 - General Rifle Tactics
===============================================================================
Unlike games like Medal of Honor, where the rifle is a novelty weapon and often
an art in itself, Call of Duty's rifles are feasible battlefield weapons with
excellent power and accuracy. Naturally, there is a lower margin for error when
it comes to single-shot weapons, and with the low rates of fire and small
magazine capacities, it is essential to make each and every shot count.

Despite having the power of a sniper rifle, the rifle lacks a scope, reducing
the ability to make precision shots. However, the rifle does have a larger
"zoom" effect when aiming down the sight compared to other weapons, giving it
the edge over submachine guns at longer distances. The rifleman should not
fight a sniper's war: although he can conceal himself just as well, the
rifleman lacks the destructive potential of his scoped counterpart. Instead,
make use of the light weight of the rifle and be a mobile threat. Whereas a
sniper remains stationary until after his shot, the rifleman is able to move
across large distances at respectable speeds while providing equally effective
shots.

That isn't to say that rifles are the most versatile weapons. Rifles take a
fair amount of skill, experience and discipline to use effectively. Rifles
require more concentration than submachine guns and support weapons, but the
results pay off quite well. One cannot become a skilled rifleman overnight, but
it is possible to become a very effective rifleman given enough experience.

The ideal range for rifles is long range, where automatic weapons are less
effective. At medium range, things get a little more heated, and at close range
it falls purely onto your reflex and ability to make a golden shot. Close
quarters combat was never meant for rifles, although some rifles like the
M1A1 Carbine and M1 Garand can give automatic weapons a run for their money.
Due to their long shapes, the rifle can provide excellent leverage for melee
attacks, resulting in the most powerful bash in the game. A single bash can
easily knock out an enemy when hit on the head on torso. As with all melee
attacks, use this as a humilation weapon or a silent kill on an unsuspecting
enemy rather than a primary combat technique. Riflemen shouldn't be that close.

Although relatively difficult to use, the rifle is a viable weapon ideal for
open maps such as Brecourt, Hurtgen and Rocket. It takes a lot of practice to
master the art of rifling, and although not as elegant and ceremonial as Medal
of Honor, the rifle puts lead where it's supposed to go.

*SUMMARISED:
-Best at long range
-Very powerful, make shots count
-Slow rate of fire
-Unsuited for close quarters combat

****Call of Duty version 1.2 notice****
Call of Duty v1.2 altered several hitboxes on player models, making rifling
more effective and easier to score fatal hits.


*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*
5.0 - SUBMACHINE GUNS
*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*

After the First World War, it was realised that frontline troops needed more
firepower. The answer was already there with the introduction of the light
machine gun. However, not every soldier could carry a light machine gun into
battle, so another alternative had to be taken. The answer to this was the
submachine gun. A light automatic weapon firing pistol ammunition, the
submachine gun is primarily a close combat weapon with a high rate of fire and
good hitting power. Effectiveness drops off over longer ranges as well as
accuracy. During WWII, many new models were developed, setting the trend of
cheap, mass-produced weapons such as the Sten and M3 Grease Gun. While modern
submachine guns are made from plastics with high-tech gadgets, the purpose is
still the same: to give a soldier a light weapon capable of automatic fire for
close/medium range engagements.

Call of Duty's submachine guns are remarkably versatile, and perhaps even
overpowered. While certainly not invincible, weapons like the PPSh-41 and the
Thompson seem far too good for their role while retaining enough accuracy for
long range engagements. Dominating close quarters combat, the submachine gun
is an easy weapon to use and a good choice for beginners.


===============================================================================
5.1 - Thompson
===============================================================================

Name:                       	M1A1 Thompson
Country of origin:          	USA
Available for:              	American
Calibre:                    	.45 ACP
Magazine capacity:          	30 rounds
Firing mechanism:           	Selective-fire, delayed-blowback operated
Rate of fire:			700 rounds per minute
Weight:				4.78kg

----------------------
Historical Background
----------------------

Developed by General John T. Thompson during the First World War, the Thompson
was intended as a 'trench broom' to sweep German trenches. The war ended before
it was perfected, so it was produced and sold to various countries before being
adopted by the US Army. The Thompson was a completely new weapon, finely
machined and manufactured to the highest standards. Its main feature was the
Blish delayed-blowback system, which consisted of a wedge closing the breech
while chamber pressure was high, but opened after the bullet left the barrel,
allowing the bolt to recoil, eject the spent case and load the next round. On
top of this, the Thompson featured a Cutts compensator, which reduced the gun's
tendency to rise when fired on full automatic, and a wooden pistol fore-grip.
Designated the M1928, the Thompson was common in US and British forces, being
issued 20- and 30-round box magazines as well as a 50-round drum which was
later phased out due to the loud noise it made when on the move.

The M1928 Thompson was a complicated weapon to manufacture and was very
expensive. To simplify production, the Cutts compensator was discarded, the
wooden-foregrip was replaced with a conventional fore-end stock, the separate
firing pin was fixed to the bolt and the Blish system was replaced with a
conventional delayed blowback system. The latter caused some grief, since the
Blish system was what made the Thompson a unique weapon, but this was resolved
after threats of independent production. This model became the M1 Thompson, and
remained in favour with troops even after cheaper weapons such as the M3 Grease
Gun came into service. A final modification came in the form of the M1A1, which
replaced the firing pin and hammer with a firing pin machined into the bolt
face.

Although slightly on the heavy side, the Thompson was the most reliable weapon
of its type, and remained in service until the Vietnam War.


-------------------
Call of Duty notes
-------------------

Available to the American side, the M1 Thompson is an exceptionally good
weapon. With decent power, the Thompson has a rate of fire second only to the
PPSh-41. The Thompson is also remarkably accurate for a submachine gun, and
thus especially easy to use by all players. The Thompson also has a relatively
fast reload speed, and it is capable of semi-automatic fire, allowing accurate
long range shots. However, the Thompson is not the PPSh-41, and its 30-round
magazine can be emptied very quickly.

The Thompson has a simple V-notch iron sight with a pin over the muzzle. Not
the best of sights, but it does the job. Although an accurate weapon, the
Thompson is not a rifle, and shouldn't be used as such. Only use the sight when
you have the opportunity to spray an accurate burst. Fire in short bursts; the
muzzle flash will reduce your ability to accurately sustain fire. The semi-
automatic mode isn't particularly useful, so take advantage of the Thompson's
fast rate of fire to increase your chances of a hit.


===============================================================================
5.2 - MP40
===============================================================================

Name:                        	Maschinenpistole 1940
Country of origin:           	Germany
Available for:               	German
Calibre:                     	9 x 19mm Parabellum
Magazine capacity:           	32 rounds
Firing mechanism:            	Full-automatic, blowback-operated
Rate of fire:			500 rounds per minute
Weight:				4.7kg

----------------------
Historical Background
----------------------

Prior to the Second World War, the German Army began re-arming its war machine.
After observing events in the Spanish Civil War, the German Army approached
designer Berthold Giepel to design a submachine gun. Giepel submitted a
pre-made prototype in 1938, which was accepted into service as the Maschinen
Pistole 38, or MP38. However, it was still manufactured using traditional
methods, so it was improved and designated the MP40, using more steel stampings
and welding to facilitate mass-production and incorporating several safety
features.

The MP40 was a revolutionary weapon for its time. It was the first weapon to
use all-metal construction as well as featuring a folding metal stock. It also
featured a small 'lip' under the muzzle, allowing it to be fired from a vehicle
without it jerking back. It was incredibly light, and more importantly it was
cheap and easy to manufacture. Firing up to 500 rounds per minute, the MP40 was
an extremely effective weapon and issued to officers and assault units.

Although crude in appearance compared to traditional weapons such as the
Thompson, the MP40 was distinctive in its appearance and become the trademark
image of the Wehrmacht soldier.


-------------------
Call of Duty notes
-------------------

A solid weapon for the German forces, the MP40 is a popular weapon due to its
ease of use. The slowest of the submachine guns, the MP40 has reasonable power
and decent accuracy. Like other submachine guns, the MP40 is best used at close
range. However, its slower rate of fire allows it to be controlled when fired
on full automatic, and makes an effective suppression weapon.

Like the other submachine guns, the MP40 has simple sights, consisting of a
small notch, a pin and an iron ring. The MP40 has reasonable accuracy when
using the iron sights, and remains controlled even when sustaining fire.
However, the muzzle flash might be a problem, blocking out your line of sight
when firing.


===============================================================================
5.3 - Sten
===============================================================================

Name:                        	Sten Mark II
Country of origin:           	Great Britain
Available for:               	British
Calibre:                     	9 x 19mm Parabellum
Magazine capacity:           	32 rounds
Firing mechanism:            	Full-automatic, blowback-operated
Rate of fire:			450 rounds per minute
Weight:				3.18kg without magazine

-----------------------
Historical Information
-----------------------

In 1940, Britain suffered a shortage of weapons, and with the only submachine
guns available being the US Thompson and the rushed Lanchester (which was a
copy of the German MP28), the British Army needed a cheaper weapon in larger
quantities. To solve this dilemma, the Sten was introduced and adopted. Taking
its name from the first letter of its designers' surnames, Major R.V. Shepherd
and Mr. H.J. Turpin, and the first two letters of the Enfield factory, the Sten
consisted of a heavy bolt and spring in a tubular metal sleeve with the barrel
screwed on. This caused great grief amongst traditional gunmakers due to the
extremely crude look of the weapon. The Mark I had a wooden stock, but this was
soon discarded and the weapon was simplified to form the most common model, the
Mark II. It was found that the manufacture of the parts was so simple that the
British Army contracted smaller manufacturers and even large garages to make
the smaller parts of the weapon, then gather them into a main factory to be
assembled.

Firing 550 rounds per minute, the Sten was an ugly gun and was never liked by
the troops. Although its construction protected it from dirt and mud, the MP40-
based magazine caused immense trouble, having a reputation for jamming at
awkward moments (the MP40 suffered from this problem as well). Various versions
were simplified and tried out, culminating in the luxurious Mark V, which had
wooden furniture, a forward pistol grip and bayonet socket. Produced after the
demand was satisfied and equipping the British paratroopers at Arnhem, the
Mark V would have been a good weapon had it not been for its unreliable
magazine.

Although unpopular, it did the job, and was an effective weapon in winning the
war considering its circumstances, and due to its portability it was a
a favourite amongst the French Resistance.


-------------------
Call of Duty notes
-------------------

As crude as its real life counterpart, Call of Duty's Sten gun leaves a lot to
be desired. As a weapon, it is relatively effective, especially in close
combat. Having a faster rate of fire than the MP40, the Sten is somewhat more
inaccurate and is harder to aim than its German counterpart.

The iron sight consists of a V-notch at the front and a ring at the rear, but
without a pin to determine your fall of shot. Move the V-notch over your target
and fire short bursts for maximum efficiency. Due to its higher rate of fire,
the Sten is harder to control and is quite erratic in its recoil pattern.

The Sten differs from other weapons in that it doesn't have a conventional bash 
attack. Instead, the melee attack consists of a short, quick jab with the 
muzzle. Obviously, the melee attack is very weak, and should be avoided at all 
costs.


===============================================================================
5.4 - PPSh
===============================================================================

Name:                         	Pistolet Pulemet Shpagin 1941
Country of origin:            	Russia
Available for:                	Russian
Calibre:                      	7.62 x 25mm TT
Magazine capacity:            	71 rounds
Firing mechanism:             	Selective-fire, blowback-operated
Rate of fire:			900 rounds per minute
Weight:				5.45kg (3.63kg without magazine)

----------------------
Historical Background
----------------------

After the German advance in 1941, the Russians lost a massive amount of
materials and weapons. To replace these losses, a new weapon had to be
designed, cheap and easy to manufacture to practically re-arm the entire Red
Army. For this purpose, the PPSh-41 was developed. Taking its name from the
Russian designation for a submachine gun, 'Pistolet Pulemet', and the name of
the designer, Georgii Shpagin, the PPSh-41 was a simplified version of the
previous PPD submachine gun, using stamped parts as much as possible. The
PPSh-41 used a simple blowback operation, and the stamped metal jacket was
extended over the muzzle to act as a fairly effective compensator, reducing the
tendency for the barrel to rise when firing on full-automatic. Using the
distinctive 71-round drum, later models were also issued with a curved 35-round
box clip, and had the selectable semi-automatic mode removed.

The PPSh-41 proved its worth, and soon become the standard weapon of the Red
Army, with whole units being equipped with only the PPSh-41. After the war,
PPSh-41's were sold to Eastern Bloc nations and remained in use through the
Vietnam War.


-------------------
Call of Duty notes
-------------------

One of the fiercest weapons in the game, the PPSh-41 is the most popular weapon
among new players. With the fastest rate of fire for a selectable weapon and a
71-round drum to go, the PPSh-41 is a pure spray-and-pray weapon. Despite its
blazingly fast firing speed, the PPSh-41 does not lose much in terms of
accuracy, and even when aiming down the sight, the PPSh-41 has a remarkably
concentrated spray pattern. However, it is important to note that the PPSh-41
is the weakest of the submachine guns, and requires more hits for a kill.

The iron sight is simply an extension of the barrel jacket with a small stump.
Although simple, the muzzle flash from the PPSh-41 quickly makes aiming down
the sight difficult, and the recoil of the weapon makes aiming almost
pointless. Like the Thompson, the semi-automatic function is a nifty but not so
practical feature, and long-distance shots should be short bursts of automatic
fire instead.


===============================================================================
5.5 - General Submachine Gun Tactics
===============================================================================

As previously mentioned, the submachine gun is an easier weapon to use than
most other weapons. However, it does take a fair amount of experience to use
effectively. Each submachine gun has their own strengths and weaknesses as
highlighted above. In general, the submachine gun is most effective at close
range, being less effective at longer ranges where rifles and sniper rifles
dominate.

The submachine gun iron sights are simple and easy to use. Despite this, there
is little need to aim when engaged in close combat, and it is usually better
to sidestep and dodge bullets while firing rather than standing still to aim.
This range is, of course, the main strength of the submachine gun, and the sole
reason as to why it is such a deadly weapon in Call of Duty. There is little
need of strategy here, it all falls on your ability to spray bullets where you
want them to. Naturally, at medium range it would be a better option to use the
iron sights to reduce your cone of fire.

At longer ranges, a more strategic approach is needed. Considering the low
amount of damage dealt by submachine guns for individual hits, the semi-
automatic function of the Thompson and PPSh-41 are not worth the trouble of
using. When engaging at long range, use short, controlled bursts to maintain
accuracy while pouring out a steady flow of fire. This is usually enough to pin
down targets and neutralise them, but against more experienced players it tends
to be ineffective and a waste of time.

In these situations, it is important to break off contact and either seek a
better target, or find another approach to the target and engage it on more
desirable terms. If you are under fire by riflemen from across the map on
Brecourt, don't bother trying to outsnipe them with a submachine gun, break off
and head through the trenches, taking out other targets along the way before
reaching them. Fight battles on your turf rather than theirs, and you can stay
alive longer while inflicting more damage.

Due to the sheer firepower of the submachine gun at close ranges, submachine
guns make effective suppressing weapons, and more importantly, are the best
weapons for flanking an enemy line of fire. Fighting with a submachine gun not
only means spraying-an-praying, but doing so from the best position possible.

*SUMMARISED:
-Best at close combat
-Generally do low damage, but have faster rates of fire
-Not the most accurate of weapons
-Fight at close range whenever possible



*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*
6.0 - SUPPORT WEAPONS
*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*

Like many other weapons, the support-type weapons have their roots in the First
World War. Back then, the heavy machine gun was literally heavy, weighing up to
70kg. There was a need for an automatic weapon light enough for a soldier to
carry with him as he ran across No Man's Land, away from his own machine guns.
The concept was to bring his support with him. The answer was already there in
the form of the Lewis gun, the first light machine gun, used by British troops
with great effect. Other countries began following this trend, and soon the
light machine gun became a staple weapon for every squad.

In Call of Duty, only the American and British have light machine guns. The
Germans have an assault rifle instead, while the Russians don't even have a
support-type weapon. For the most part, support weapons are heavier, accurate,
have a decent rate of fire and are amazingly powerful.


===============================================================================
6.1 - BAR
===============================================================================

Name:                          	M1918A2 Browning Automatic Rifle
Country of origin:             	USA
Available for:                 	American
Calibre:                       	.30-06 (7.62 x 63mm)
Magazine capacity:             	20 rounds
Firing mechanism:              	Full-automatic, gas-operated
Rate of fire:			450 or 650 rounds per minute, selectable
Weight:				8.8kg with empty magazine

----------------------
Historical Background
----------------------

Designed in 1915-16 by John M. Browning, who also developed the M1911 Colt
pistol and .30 and .50 cal machine guns, the Browning Automatic Rifle filled
the role of 'squad automatic weapon'. Although intended as an assault weapon,
the BAR proved to be an effective support weapon and was adopted by the
Belgian, Polish and Swedish armies. The BAR underwent some modifications,
including changing the position of the bipod, and later models had a variable
fire option, changing from 550 rounds per minute to faster rates of fire.

Despite its effectiveness, the BAR was never as good as the designer hoped. It
was way too heavy to be an effective rifle. The weight alone made it a pain to
shoulder, and the vibration from firing made it impossible to maintain a steady
aim. On the other hand, it was too light to be an effective light machine gun.
It was unstead on its bipod, its 20-round magazine meant it had to be reloaded
frequently, the bottom-mounted magazine made it difficult to reload from a
prone position, and the barrel couldn't be changed when it overheated.

Despite these shortcomings, the BAR remained a solid weapon and was kept in
service for over 50 years in various armies, while leftovers were sold to other
nations.


-------------------
Call of Duty notes
-------------------

Firing the same round as the Garand and the Springfield, the BAR packs a huge
punch, and comes with slow- and fast-automatic firing modes. The fast-automatic
mode allows it to go toe-for-toe against submachine guns, and due to its
superior power it can come up on top quite easily. On slow-auto, the weapon can
be used as a semi-automatic rifle. Unlike the real life version, you have no
problem aiming with it, and its accuracy and power make it an excellent
alternative to the M1 Garand despite its heavy weight.

The iron sight is simple, easy to use and effective. Consisting of a simple
pin at the front of the gun. Simply place the head of the pin over your desired
target and fire. Muzzle flash is not a particular problem, and recoil isn't
erratic or uncontrollable. All-in-all, the BAR is a solid weapon that can be
used by most players.


===============================================================================
6.2 - MP 44
===============================================================================

Name:                          	Sturmgewehr 44
Country of origin:             	Germany
Available for:                 	German
Calibre:                       	7.92 x 33mm Kurz
Magazine capacity:             	30 rounds
Firing mechanism:              	Selective-fire, gas-operated
Rate of fire:			500 rounds per minute
Weight:				5.22kg

----------------------
Historical Background
----------------------

In the 1930's, German military authorities questioned the purpose of the
standard infantry rifle. It was realised that even the earliest rifles were
capable of firing a bullet to distances over 1000m. It was almost impossible
for a soldier to see that far, let alone aim and hit something at that
distance. This realisation set off the possibility of using a shorter
cartridge, reducing effective range, but at the same time reducing weight,
allowing the soldier to carry more ammunition. In 1940, the Maschinen Karabiner
42 was developed as a prototype weapon and tested on the Russian Front. It was
an effective weapon according to the principles behind it, and many features
were taken from it and incorporated into the new rifle in development. The
developers eagerly requested Hitler's permission to produce the weapon. Hitler
proved stubborn, and using the very beliefs that the principles proved wrong,
Hitler criticised the ineffective range of the new cartridge and denied
permission for the weapon to be produced.

This caused a problem for the designers. They had already equipped their
factories to mass-produce the weapon, and in fact had already started making
them. Without Hitler's permission, they continued to manufacture the weapon
and issued it to troops as the "MP44", disguised as a submachine gun. This in
turn please Hitler due to exceptional submachine gun production figures. That
was until Hitler held a meeting with his generals, who requested more of the
"new rifles". After a brief period of anger, the Fuhrer finally accepted the
rifle and named it the "Sturmgewehr", the "Assault Rifle".

Despite this official acceptance, production never caught up with demand. Being
made out of steel-stampings and plastics, the Sturmgewehr 44 was a
revolutionary weapon, the first of a class of weapons that are now standard in
today's armies.


-------------------
Call of Duty notes
-------------------

The German equivalent to a support weapon (the real-life German support weapon
being, of course, the MG42), the MP44 is more of an assault weapon than a
support weapon. Firing somewhat faster than the light machine guns, and slower
than the submachine guns, the MP44 combines the power, speed and accuracy of
both weapons. However, for all its all-rounded capabilities, the MP44 does not
excel in any particular area, being outclassed by rifles at long range and too
slow in both firing and movement speed for effective close quarters combat. It
is, however, a good weapon that can be used in many situations.

The iron sight consists of an iron ring with a small pin. Simply align the top
of the pin towards the desired target to score a hit. The MP44 should be fired
in short bursts, or semi-automatic shots for long range sniping. However, the
MP44 has substantially more recoil than the other weapons, even when prone.


===============================================================================
6.3 - Bren LMG
===============================================================================

Name:                          	Bren Mark III
Country of origin:             	Great Britain
Available for:                 	British
Calibre:                       	.303 British
Magazine capacity:             	30 rounds
Firing mechanism:              	Full-automatic, gas-operated
Rate of fire:			500 rounds per minute
Weight:				8.68kg

----------------------
Historical Background
----------------------

Looking for a replacement for the revolutionary Lewis gun in the 1930's, the
British had several options, including the Madsen, which was discarded due to
its complex mechanism, and the Vickers-Berthier, which seemed the most obvious
choice since it was already in service with the Indian Army. However, a Czech
design was discovered, and after intensive firing tests, was adopted by the
British Army as the Bren, gaining its name from its original factory in Brno
and its new factory in Enfield.

The Bren had a few remarkable features: a quick-release barrel with a carrying
handle, preventing the barrel from overheating and the changer from burning
himself, a relatively simple mechanism and very few moving parts. It was an
immediate success, proving to be accurate, powerful and reliable. For this,
there were a few problems. The rimmed .303 cartridge had to be inserted a
certain way to prevent jamming, and 28 rounds were often loaded instead of 30
to prevent this. The top-mounted magazine also meant the sights had to be
offset to the left, causing difficulties to left-handed firers. The magazine
itself was sensitive to damage as well, leading to more jamming issues.

Other than that, the Bren was a robust weapon, rarely breaking any other parts.
After the war, the Bren was converted for the 7.62mm NATO round, which
incidentally cured the rimmed jamming problems, and remained in service as the
L4A1 until late in the 20th century.


-------------------
Call of Duty notes
-------------------

The British support weapon, the Bren is an excellent weapon. With a good rate
of fire, very high damage and the smallest crosshair in the game, the Bren can
easily make its power and accuracy felt. Being a support weapon, the Bren is
quite heavy, and has high recoil when fired from a standing position, making
it less effective at close combat. To counter this, the Bren should be fired
from a crouching or, preferably, prone position.

The Bren's iron sights are offset to the left, and consists of a bracket with a
single pin in the middle, and a ring at the rear. Use the bracket to locate
your target and use the pin to get a bead on your target. Note that the Bren
has a fierce recoil, especially when standing. The top-mounted magazine also
obstructs a fair amount of vision to your right.


===============================================================================
6.4 - General Support Tactics
===============================================================================

Although slightly different in their purposes, the Support weapons can be used
similarly. Of the three, the BAR and the Bren have the most in common, both
being primarily used as light machine guns. The MP44 has more flexibility, and
can still be used as a light machine gun to an extent, but is more suited
to medium-close range encounters. The BAR can also be used as a rifle, leaving
the Bren as the only dedicated support weapon.

In the support role, the gunner should remain at medium-long distances from a
relatively well-covered, or at least concealed position. Although firing bursts
maintains a degree of accuracy, the support gunner is reponsible for sustained
suppression, so firing longer bursts is recommended. The idea is to prevent
enemies from leaving their cover to get a better shot, and neutralising any who
do. All support weapons are suited to this role, although the BAR's 20-
round magazine leaves something to be desired. For maximum efficiency, fire in
bursts of six.

As a support gunner, you won't be winning any shooting competitions. However,
you do have a higher kill potential than riflemen, who need more focus to
attack specific targets. A support gunner should also not be at the front of an
assault squad, since they do tend to get ripped up by submachine gunners and
are not the best for close combat themselves.

Despite the relatively higher recoils, the support weapons are amazingly
accurate with strict fire discipline and are a constant threat for reckless
players.

*SUMMARISED:
-Best at long-medium ranges
-Plenty of ammunition to waste
-Accurate and powerful
-Decent at close combat
-Used to support other team members



*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*
7.0 - SNIPER RIFLES
*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*

Dating back to the First World War and beyond, the sniper has played a rather
misunderstood role in war. The sniper first made a great impression in WWI by
picking off hapless soldiers across trenches, and despite a lull in advancing
sniper tactics, the sniper made a return in WWII with devastating effect and
has survived as one of the most dangerous individual soldiers available. With
the ability to identify and neutralise the right targets, snipers serve as a
demoralising weapon, driving fear into the heart of the enemy before melting
away into the shadows. Sniper warfare isn't for everyone, the immense physical
and psychological pressure is not appealing, the general misconception that
snipers are "assassins" have turned the skill into a "black art". Regardless,
the sniper is both a threat and a shield in today's armies.

In Call of Duty, there are three sniper rifles available. Most of them are
scoped versions of their respective armies' regular rifles, dealing the same
damage but with precision shots with the aid of a scope. Although difficult to
use effectively, they are incredibly easy to use for even beginners.


===============================================================================
7.1 - Springfield
===============================================================================

Name:                     	M1903A4 Springfield
Country of origin:              USA
Available for:                  American, British
Calibre:                        .30-06 (7.62 x 63mm)
Magazine capacity:              5 rounds
Firing mechanism:               Bolt-action
Weight:				3.94kg

----------------------
Historical Background
----------------------

In the 1890's, the US Army was looking into several rifle designs for adoption.
Among them, the Mauser caught their eye, and soon they purchased licenses to
copy certain parts of the Mauser. In 1900, the first Springfield rifle was
developed. However, this weapon proved to be unsatisfactory, and it was
re-designed along with its bullet. Chambered for the .30 round developed in
1906 (hence, .30-06), the Springfield modified several features of the Mauser
design, including a two-piece bolt and improved rear-sights. The Springfield
was the standard-issue rifle of the American Army in WWI.

The Springfield underwent some refinements and modifications, including the
Pederson Device, which converted the Springfield into a light automatic weapon
firing a special round, intended to allow a charging soldier to continue to
suppress enemy positions out of machine gun range. However, the war ended
before it could be used, so all converted Springfields were scrapped. The
M1903A3 was introduced in 1942, designed for mass-production and supplied units
before the M1 Garand was finally shipped to all units, which was somewhat later
in the Pacific theatre.

The M1903A4 was the sniper variant of the Springfield, featuring permanent
blocks to attach a telescopic sight and had the iron sights removed, giving a
curious "naked" look. The standard weapon for snipers, the Springfield was
incredibly accurate and reliable.


-------------------
Call of Duty notes
-------------------

The sniper rifle for the British and American forces, the Springfield is a
solid, easy-to-use weapon. Although the most accurate weapon in the game, it is
incredibly heavy and being a bolt-action rifle, it also has the slowest rate
of fire. Naturally, the Springfield should be used at long ranges. It can hold
its own in close range provided the snap shot is on target, but it is simply
ripped to shreds if it misses. The Springfield can only reload rounds one at a
time due to the positioning of the scope.

Instead of iron sights, the Springfield has a telescopic sight with a
crosshair. The bullet will land where the crosshairs meet. However, the
crosshairs are quite erratic when standing, so it should be fired from a
crouching or prone position. Not only will it reduce the movement of the
crosshair, it will also make you a smaller target.



===============================================================================
7.2 - Scoped Kar98k
===============================================================================

Name:           		Mauser Karabiner 1898 Kurz
Country of origin:              Germany
Available for:                  German
Calibre:                        7.92 x 57mm Mauser
Magazine capacity:              5 rounds
Firing mechanism:               Bolt-action
Weight:				3.92kg

----------------------
Historical Background
----------------------

Due to the reliability, power and accuracy of the Kar98k, it was the weapon of
choice for German snipers and was issued with a telescopic sight. It continued
to be the standard sniper weapon even after semi-automatic weapons were
introduced, such as the Gewehr 43, due to the snipers' need for the best
precision possible, which is not possible with semi-automatic weapons.

For the rest of the Kar98k history, refer to section 4.3 - Kar98k.


-------------------
Call of Duty notes
-------------------

Simply a scoped version of the Kar98k, the Scoped Kar98k has the same power and
accuracy, but has the added benefit of a scope. However, it is also heavier,
and its slow rate of fire makes it unsuitable for close combat. Also note that
you cannot pick up regular Kar98k ammunition. Like the Springfield, the Scoped
Kar98k can only reload one round at a time due to the position of the scope.

The Scoped Kar98k uses a T-crosshair, with the bullet landing at the tip of the
middle line. Like the other sniper rifles, it is best fired from a crouching
or prone position.


===============================================================================
7.3 - Scoped Mosin-Nagant
===============================================================================

Name:                           Mosin-Nagant M1891/38
Country of origin:              Russia
Available for:                  Russian
Calibre:                        7.62 x 54mm
Magazine capacity:              5 rounds
Firing mechanism:               Bolt-action
Weight:				3.8kg

----------------------
Historical Background
----------------------

Like the Kar98k, the Mosin-Nagant was a superb rifle in terms of power,
reliability and accuracy. As a result, it was the snipers' weapon of choice and
was issued with a scope and was kept in use well after the war, even after the
introduction of the semi-automatic SVT-40.

For the rest of the Mosin-Nagant history, refer to section 4.5 - Mosin-Nagant.


-------------------
Call of Duty notes
-------------------

Like the Scoped Kar98k, the Scoped Mosin-Nagant is simply the same weapon as
the regular Mosin-Nagant with the benefits and disadvantages of having a scope.
Unlike the other two sniper rifles, the Scoped Mosin-Nagant's scope position
allows it to be reloaded with a 5-round charger, giving it a slight edge over
other sniper rifles. However, it is still not compatible with regular Mosin-
Nagant ammunition.

The Scoped Mosin-Nagant also uses the T-crosshair, with the bullet landing at
the tip of the middle line.


===============================================================================
7.4 - General Sniper Tactics
===============================================================================

Sniper warfare is substantially different to other styles of play, with the
riflemen's style bearing any resemblence. First things first, it is imperative
that you understand the capabilities and weaknesses of the sniper rifle. The
sniper rifle was designed to fire shots accurately at extreme distances. This
is the sole reason to using the sniper rifle above the rifle. While the rifle
often does the same amount of damage with less penalty, the scoped weapons
allow firers to accurately get a bead on their target without the limitations
of an iron sight. The scope is a very useful tool.

On the same note, it is important to consider your firing position. In real
life, a sniper would very rarely take a shot while standing up, and in Call of
Duty it is the same. Always go prone when possible, or crouch when it isn't.
The only time when a standing shot should be used is when you are ambushed and
caught off-guard. As a sniper, you should never let yourself get into that
position. Changing your firing position means that your crosshair will be more
stable, and you also make yourself a smaller target.

There are two types of people who used scoped weapons:

-Sharpshooters
-Snipers

Although they might seem like the same thing, they are not. A sharpshooter is
someone who stays with their unit, taking out priority targets at opportunity
with the standard weapon. A sniper is someone who fights alone, or with an
accompanying sniper/spotter, scouting potential targets and taking them out if
necessary with a specialised weapon. When applied to real life, we can use the
police 'sniper' as an example of misunderstanding. The police 'sniper' is not
a true sniper. Although his shooting ability might be just as good, he is not
under the pressure of war and has the backing of every available resource. He
is not fighting his own psychological war, he is a sharpshooter. A sniper, on
the other hand, fights his psychological war on a personal level, a strain that
not many can handle.

As in life, the tactics of a sharpshooter and a sniper are very different. A
sharpshooter acts as a "forward sniper", rushing or staying behind the assault
squad and providing precision fire to directly aid the team. Although risky and
more rewarding, the sharpshooter is a liability when caught out and is just as
vulnerable as the other squad members. It is important that the sharpshooter
gets out of harm's way before engaging in picking off ripe targets.

A sniper, on the other hand, fights practically by himself. Although best
paired with another sniper, or even better, an assault, the sniper is a lone
wolf who fights his own personal war. The tactics used reflect this. The
sniper is not a direct team player, he aids the team indirectly. The role of
the sniper is to be a stationary threat, picking off the right targets to aid
the team and demoralise the enemy. Although it is usually the case, do not
shoot at every target you see, only shoot at what you know you can hit, and
what you know can hit you. Those are priorities. A single sniper can easily pin
down a base of fire or an entire approach, forcing the enemy to find another
route or assault your position with heavy losses.

There is also the need to relocate. Eventually, someone will realise where you
are, especially with the aid of the Kill-Cam. It won't be long until someone
sneaks up from behind and knocks you out with a rifle butt. In real life, the
sniper never fires more than two shots from the same position. In Call of Duty,
there is a reasonably higher amount of flexibility. However, it is important to
remember that the longer you stay in one spot, the more likely it is that you
will be flanked and attacked from behind, no matter how effective you are at
pinning the enemy. Survival instinct is an important part in sniper warfare.

Another important aspect is where you snipe from. A sniper never picks the most
obvious locations, regardless of how good a view they give. Instead, they pick
less popular locations that few people would look at: a simple bush, a bunch of
trees, behind dead bodies in an open field, even in a dark corner in a room
with a window looking out. Although at times it is a good idea to sit by a
window and continually take out target after target, the more obvious you are,
the easier you are to kill.

Already, the sniper section is immense, and it beyond the scope of this general
guide to explain in detail. Although it is a disrespected style of play due to
its n00b-friendliness, it is nonetheless effective when used properly and it is
essential to have one or two snipers for a large team.

*SUMMARISED:
-Long-range only
-Moderately effective at short range for self-defense
-Fire from a crouching or prone position
-Go for headshots whenever possible
-Slow rate of fire, make each shot count
-Don't use the same position all the time

****Call of Duty version 1.2 notice****
Call of Duty version 1.2 includes a few changes to sniper rifles in particular.
The scope zooms out between each shot, which isn't so annoying. However, you no
longer aim at where you were looking from the hip. Although easy to adjust to,
it is annoying nonetheless, especially since you snap from hip to shoulder
between each shot. Although it does reduce the effectiveness of sharpshooters,
it should not be a huge problem for snipers.


*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*
8.0 - HAND GRENADES
*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*

History doesn't extend so far back for grenades, but the concept itself has
been around for a while. Ever since the development of portable explosives,
devices have been used to throw or otherwise launch an explosive to reasonable
distances. Originally, such devices might have involved gunpowder wrapped in
some sort of packaging, and afterwards sticks of dynamite. The modern grenade
appeared in the 20th century in different forms, and have kept similar trends
in design. Grenades were also used for other purposes, such as smoke screens or
specific destruction of equipment.

Call of Duty features four types of grenades: one for each side represented in
the game. Each grenade is similar in characteristics, but each grenade will
have its background explained below.


===============================================================================
8.1 - M2 Frag Grenade
===============================================================================

Name:				Mark II Fragmentation Grenade
Country of origin:		USA
Available for:			American

----------------------
Historical Background
----------------------

When the United States entered the First World War, it became apparent that
they lacked a standard-issue hand grenade. Basing their designs off the
existing British Mills Bomb and the French F-1 grenade, the Mk I grenade was
developed.

The Mk I grenade featured a serrated surface, with 40 segments divided into 8
columns and five rows, which sprayed shrapnel in all directions upon
detonation. The grenade also featured a complicated safety mechanism to ensure
that the thrower did not harm himself before the grenade was thrown.

This safety mechanism was the ultimate cause to the failure of the Mk I
grenade. The throw had to remove the split pin, then turn the safety lever
before throwing the grenade. Consequently, when trialed in combat, a fair
proportioned of grenades were not properly armed. Commanders immediately
demanded that the grenade be put out of service.

The Mark II grenade was then designed. It used the same charge and
configuration as the Mark I, but featured a shorter safety lever, resembling
the Mills grenade. The thrower could hold the grenade as long as he wanted to,
provided he kept the lever closed. As soon as the lever is released, the five
second fuse kicked in. These grenades were initially painted bright yellow, the
official color of ordnance, but was repainted in olive drab due to the
impracticality of carrying a bright yellow grenade in combat.

Nicknamed the "Pineapple" due to its shape, the Mk II had a tendency to break
up into large chunks upon detonation, resulting in uneven fragmentation
patterns. It was used until the Vietnam War in the 1960's, supplementing the
M26 grenade. After the War they were phased out of combat.


-------------------
Call of Duty notes
-------------------

As the grenade used by the Americans, the M2 Frag Grenade doesn't have any
special or outstanding features. It is much easier to control than the erratic
Russian and German grenades, and is most effective when used against targets in
enclosed spaces.


===============================================================================
8.2 - Stielhandgranate
===============================================================================

Name:				Stielhandgranate 24
Country of origin:		Germany
Available for:			German

----------------------
Historical Background
----------------------

Nicknamed the "Potato Masher" due to its curious shape, this German stick
grenade became a typical image of the Wehrmact soldier. The Stielhandgranate
featured a small explosive "head" attached to a long wooden handle. The handle
allowed the thrower to throw the grenade much further than an ordinary grenade.
To arm the grenade, the thrower had to unscrew the cap off the base and pull
it, which started the 4-5 second fuse.

Despite its distance advantage, the Stielhandgranate was not as effective as
other grenades. The main reason was because it relied more in explosive damage
rather than fragmentation. The rather erratic fuse also meant that it was
difficult to cook properly, resulting in grenades being thrown back or even
blowing up in the thrower's hand.

Despite popular belief, the Stielhandgranate was not the only grenade used by
the German army. The Germans also used an "Egg" grenade which resembled
contemporary grenades and was much smaller.


-------------------
Call of Duty notes
-------------------

Not much difference between the German grenades and the other grenades. While
supposedly being able to be thrown further, its effectiveness is the same as
the others.


===============================================================================
8.3 - MK1 Frag Grenade
===============================================================================

Name:				No. 36M Mark I Fragmentation Grenade
Country of origin:		Great Britain
Available for:			British

----------------------
Historical Background
----------------------

Designed by the famous William Mills, the No. 36 grenade was based off the
previous No. 5 grenade, which featured an attached rod to be used as a rifle
grenade. The No. 36 grenade removed the rod and used a detachable base plate
for use as a rifle grenade.

Instead of a serrated surface, the Mills Bomb (the name retained from the No. 5
grenade) featured deep grooves along its surface, allowing for large fragments
to be dispersed on detonation. Originally the Mills Bomb had a 7 second fuse,
but this was reduced to 4 seconds after experienced proved that 7 seconds was
too long for a hand-thrown grenade, but was retained for use as a rifle
grenade.

Like many other fragmentation grenades of its time, the No. 36 had a rather
erratic fragmentation pattern. However, its blast radius was so large and
powerful that the thrower had to immediately find cover to prevent self-injury.
In fact, the grenade could be considered "overkill" in enclosed spaces.

The No. 36 grenade was modified to be waterproof later in the war, and was re-
designated the No. 36M.


-------------------
Call of Duty notes
-------------------

The MK1 Frag Grenade is used in the same manner as the other grenades, and
bears no distinct differences.


===============================================================================
8.4 - RGD-33
===============================================================================

Name:				Ruchnaya Granata Degtyareva 1933
Country of origin:		Russia
Available for:			Russian

----------------------
Historical Background
----------------------
An odd weapon in design, the RGD-33 was designed to replace the M1914/30
grenade used in WWI. The grenade itself was quite complicated. The RGD-33
consisted of three main parts:

-The grenade body, which contained the explosive elements and internal
fragments, and sealed in an iron "pot".

-The handle, which is used to arm the grenade.

-The "sleeve", which is placed over the body and provides the majority of the
fragmentation.

The fuse must first be inserted into the top of the grenade. The grenade was
armed by pulling the handle, twisting it, then pushing it back up. This started
the 4 second fuse, giving the thrower time to throw the grenade at the desired
target.

Because of its complexity, the RGD-33 could not be manufactured in large
numbers, although it did remain in use until the Vietnam War.


-------------------
Call of Duty notes
-------------------

Similar to the German stick grenade, the RGD-33 holds no apparent advantages
over its other counterparts.

As a side note, the animation of inserting the fuse into the grenade is shown
in single player, but not in multiplayer.


===============================================================================
8.5 - General Grenade Tactics
===============================================================================

Each player starts off with a few grenades in both Single and Multiplayer. As
mentioned above, all grenades are similar in operation and properties, so
swapping grenades isn't a particularly rewarding effort.

Unlike firearms, grenades are not directly fired, meaning that they must be
thrown in a trajectory. Although difficult to pick up at first, experience can
show the optimum angles for certain distances. To obtain the furthest possible
distance, throw the grenade at a 45 degree angle from the ground, and jump if
necessary. Shorter distances can be achieved with lower/higher angle throws,
and with a certain tactful approach, can be lobbed into windows or chokepoints
for devastating damage.

Grenades have a wide blast radius, and a single grenade can easily kill or
otherwise severely damage a target caught in it. Note that if Friendly Fire is
on, your grenades will not hurt your teammates, but it will hurt you if you
remain in its blast.

Note that in Call of Duty, grenades cannot be cooked. You can hold a grenade as
long as you want, but it won't blow up until you let it go.

*SUMMARISED
-Medium ranges
-Best used against chokepoints, enclosed spaces
-You don't want to be around one when you hear it land


*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*
9.0 - MISCELLANEOUS WEAPONS
*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*

Although the above weapons are the only ones that can be chosen through the
menu, there are several other weapons that can be obtained and used throughout
single and multiplayer. This include stationary and picked-up weapons that are
either spawned in multiplayer or simply encountered in various levels.


===============================================================================
9.1 - MG42
===============================================================================

Name:                           Maschinengewehr 1942
Country of origin:              Germany
Available for:                  All, also mounted on German vehicles
Calibre:                        7.92 x 57mm Mauser
Magazine capacity:              250-round linkable belts
Firing mechanism:               Full-automatic, recoil-operated
Rate of fire:			1200 rounds per minute
Weight:				11.5kg on bipod

----------------------
Historical Background
----------------------

In the 1930's, the German Army required a machine gun to rearm its forces.
After a few unsatisfactory adoptions, the Mauser company came up with a
revolutionary design: the MG34. It incorporated several new features: the
"straight-line" principle, where the butt is part of the barrel line, reducing
the tendency to rise when firing on full-automatic, the use of 50-round belts
that could be linked to form longer belts, and even the use of a double-drum
magazine. A fast, accurate weapon, the MG-34 was a good weapon.

Too good, perhaps. It used the same manufacturing techniques as traditionally-
made weapons, being very time- and labor-consuming. To rectify this problem,
changes were made to the MG34, using as much metal stampings and pressings as
possible, making it easier to produce the weapon while maintaining reliability.
This was achieved and designated the MG42, as well as notching the rate of fire
over 1200 rounds per minute. At this level, it is impossible for the human ear
to pick out individual rounds being fired, only hearing a "brrp" sound that was
feared by anyone on the receiving end. This extremely high rate of fire tended
to overheat the barrel, which could easily be changed in a few seconds.

The MG42 was the first General Purpose Machine Gun, being used as a light
machine gun as well as a heavy machine gun mounted on a tripod. Interestingly,
many infantry tactics were centered around the MG42. This was fair, since the
MG42 provided more firepower than an entire squad. The MG squad was handpicked
and consisted of seasoned veterans. The most decorated soldier carried and
fired the MG42, while the second best soldier fed the MG42 and replaced the
barrel. The two least experienced soldiers, usually new conscripts, did nothing
but carry ammunition. The rest of the crew covered all possible approaches to
the MG42. The MG42 itself was exempt from a 'stand fast' order, relocating to
a better, pre-planned position to resume firing. This order of battle was
extremely effective. The squad may be crippled, but as long as the MG42 was
still operational, the remainder could put up more firepower than any Allied
squad.

Although the original MG42 has been phased out, many of its features are used
in modern machine guns like the M60. As a testament to its revolutionary
design though, the MG42 is still in use by the German Army as the MG3,
rechambered for the 7.62mm NATO round.


-------------------
Call of Duty notes
-------------------

One of the admirable aspects of Call of Duty is its portrayal of the MG42. The
sheer sound of the MG42 does a good job of representing its terrifying threat.
With the fastest rate of fire of any weapon in the game, the MG42 is only
found as a stationary weapon in single player and multiplayer. The MG42 fires
tracer rounds to track your fall of shot, and does high damage compared to its
rate of fire. There are drawbacks of course. The weight of the MG42 makes the
weapon painfully slow to aim with (in fact, players with high ping take
extremely long to aim or even fire), and the vibration of the MG42 makes
accurate shots difficult. It is best fired in bursts at targets of opportunity,
or simply as a suppressive weapon to support your team. Also note that being a
stationary target is bad for your health, as you will not be able to see
behind you. Once targets get out of your kill zone, you're in trouble.

The crosshairs are slightly different. The MG42 uses a static, black cross-
shaped crosshair. The bullets will hit around the center of the crosshair.
However, the recoil of the weapon makes it vibrate, shaking off accuracy.
Firing on full-automatic for sustained periods of time will make you lose
control of the weapon, making it harder to maintain your aim. Keep it short and
cool, and you can prove to be a formidable strongpoint alone.


===============================================================================
9.2 - Panzerfaust 60
===============================================================================

Name:                           Panzerfaust 60
Country of origin:              Germany
Available for:                  All
Calibre:                        5.75in hollow charge
Magazine capacity:              Single-use
Firing mechanism:               Single-shot, recoilless

----------------------
Historical Background
----------------------

The Panzerfaust has its roots in the "Faustpatrone", a weapon designed by Dr.
Langweiler to answer the need for better anti-tank capability for individual
soldiers, a need prioritised after the Russians threw their T-34 tanks at the
Germans. The Faustpatrone consisted of a fin-stablised bomb attached to a 14in
tube, and was fired at an arm's length. This proved to be impractical, as it
could not be aimed. To rectify this, the tube was extended to fit under the arm
and basic iron sights were developed. The first two models of this weapon were
the Panzerfaust 30 and the Panzerfaust Klein, the latter firing a smaller bomb.

The Panzerfaust could penetrate up to 200mm of armor, more than enough to take
out any tank in existence. From here, the only development was range. The
number at the end of the model represented the effective range of the weapon:
the Panzerfaust 30 was effective to 30 metres. At the start of 1944, the
Panzerfaust 60 was perfected and gradually replaced the two previous models,
and by the end of the year the Panzerfaust 100 was developed.

The Panzerfaust was a single-use weapon. After firing the bomb, the firer
discarded the tube and grabbed another one. After a while, materials grew
short, resulting in a re-usable model: the Panzerfaust 150. However, the war
ended before it was able to be manufactured. Throughout this time, the only
other alternative was the Panzerschreck, a reloadable rocket based off the
American Bazooka, and was in fact improved.

Although simple to make, the Panzerfaust, "Armored Fist", was an effective
weapon that was well-thought out and developed. Although technically not a
rocket (the Panzerfaust was a recoilless gun), it was more than capable of
knocking out any Allied tank in existence, and the massive numbers produced
meant that Allied tanks faced potential threats around every corner.


-------------------
Call of Duty notes
-------------------

The heavy AT weapon of Call of Duty, it is not selectable in multiplayer. Its
primary use lies in single player, where it is located in several areas and
used to take out tanks and other vehicles. In multiplayer, it is spawned in
certain locations on each map in limited numbers, and although not very
effective against infantry, it packs a huge punch and has a reasonable splash
radius. However, it is the heaviest weapon in the game, but despite its
inaccurate crosshair and iron sight, it travels like a laser and is remarkably
easy to use.

The iron sight consists of a simple square peep-hole. There isn't anything
special to it, simply place the target in its sight and fire. Although limited
in range, it is accurate enough to hit what you point at.



===============================================================================
9.3 - FG42
===============================================================================

Name:                           Fallschirmjäger Gewehr 1942-2
Country of origin:              Germany
Available for:                  All
Calibre:                        7.92mm x 57mm
Magazine capacity:              20 rounds
Firing mechanism:               Semi/Full-automatic, gas-operated
Rate of fire:			600 rounds per minute
Weight:				5.05kg

----------------------
Historical Background
----------------------

The Fallschirmjager Gewehr, "Paratroop Hunter Rifle", was arguably one of the
most versatile weapon designs of the war. During 1940-1941, the German Army
began developing the MP44, firing a short cartridge. The paratroopers rejected
this design, demanding a weapon that fired the full-sized cartridge. Since the
paratroopers were supplied through the Luftwaffe instead of the Army, they
developed their own weapon instead.

It was an amazing design. The gas-operated weapon was capable of both semi-
and full-automatic fire. It used the 'straight-line' principle, in which the
butt is an extension of the barrel, reducing the tendency for the barrel to
rise. It was fed by a 20-round magazine on the left side, and was issued with
a bipod for use as a light machine gun, and a telescopic sight for sniping or
sharpshooting. In single-shot mode, the bolt remained closed to retain a fair
amount of accuracy, but remained open in full-automatic to allow air to cool
it. Despite all of these innovative features, the FG42 was still a remarkably
light weapon in terms of weight.

However, it was also a remarkably difficult weapon to manufacture, requiring
precise machining and quality materials. Combined with the Army's opposition to
the weapon, it remained a rare weapon, with only 7,000 being made. The FG42 was
first used in the rescue of Mussolini, and in several other battles. After the
paratroopers lost their tactical value, the FG42 was issued to other units.

There were two main models of the FG42. The first model, occasionally referred
to as the FG42-1, had the bipod closer to the foregrip and the pistol grip was
inclined at a very sharp angle, intended to allow firing while descending from
parachute. This later proved to be an unnecessary and uncomfortable setup, so
the second model, the FG42-2, used a conventional pistol grip and move the
bipod closer to the muzzle.

Despite its innovative features, the FG42 was an unreliable weapon, being too
difficult to manufacture, and too light to fire the full-sized 7.92mm round on
full-automatic with anything resembling accuracy.


-------------------
Call of Duty notes
-------------------

Easily the most versatile weapon in Call of Duty, the FG42 cannot be selected
by any side. Instead, it is spawned in certain locations in each map, if
enabled. Because of this, the FG42 is a rare weapon, and even if one is
obtained, there is no other ammunition supply. Despite this, it is still an
amazingly useful weapon. The FG42 is fairly accurate on full-automatic, and its
semi-automatic function combined with its scope makes it an excellent sniping
weapon.

There are drawbacks, of course. Firstly, chances of finding one are next to
none, and joining in the middle of a game means there won't be one around. The
FG42 does substantially less damage than a conventional rifle, making headshots
a necessity in effectively neutralising targets. The FG42 does not have
regular iron sights, making it difficult to aim the weapon at close/medium
ranges. The crosshairs are fairly useful at this range, but submachine guns
are far better and it simply does not stand up against other automatic
weapons.

Although a very versatile weapon, the FG42 does not excel in any particular
area.

It is worth noting here that the FG42 is frequently banned in clan matches due
to its unbalanced characteristics in contrast to the other weapons.


===============================================================================
9.4 - AT Rifle
===============================================================================

Name:                           Siminov PTRS
Country of origin:              Russia
Available for:                  Single-player only (Pavlov's House)
Calibre:                        14.5 x 115mm
Magazine size:                  1 round
Firing mechanism:               Single-shot, recoil-operated

----------------------
Historical Background
----------------------

Prior to 1940, Anti-Tank rifles were the trend in every army. With its roots in
the WWI Boys AT rifle, the AT rifle proved to be effective against vehicles.
The Russians realised that they were the only nation without an AT rifle, and
quickly developed one of their own. Charging the famed designer Degtyarev with
designing an AT weapon using the 14.5mm round, the result was the PTRD-1941.

Using a long barrel due to its ammunition, the PTRD-1941 cut down on weight by
removing all the frills of a conventional weapon. It was practically a steel
skeleton, retaining only a pistol grip, a cheek-pad and a shoulder-butt pad.
When fired, the barrel group would slide back along the weapon until it was
stopped by a steel plate, where it was held before returning to its position,
automatically ejecting the spent cartridge. The firer then inserted another
round and fired again. A well-trained crew could fire over 10 rounds per
minute.

Another designer, Siminov, built the PTRS alongside the PTRD. Similar in
operation, the PRTS allowed a 5-round magazine to be clipped onto the rifle,
improving the amount of firepower. However, the PTRS was less robust and
heavier than the PTRD.

Despite its huge hitting power, it was obsolete before it was even introduced.
Although effective against lightly-armored vehicles, it simply did not have
the hitting power to punch through German armor, such as the Panzer III and IV.
To compensate for this, Russians often deployed their AT rifles in higher
positions, such as tall buildings, to fire on the thinner armor of the turret
roof instead of the thick front and side plates.


-------------------
Call of Duty notes
-------------------

Available only as a stationary weapon in the Russian mission "Pavlov's House",
the PTRS AT rifle is located on the third and second floors. It is the only
Russian weapon capable of knocking out the advancing tanks. In Call of Duty,
the PTRS has unlimited ammunition, and can be fired on full-automatic by
holding down the fire button. A reasonably accurate weapon, the PTRS can be
used against infantry as well as tanks.

The PTRS uses the same crosshair as the MG42. It does not suffer from heavy
vibrations, but has a slow rate of fire. Simply align the middle of the
crosshair with the target and fire.

It is also worth noting that, realistically speaking, the PTRS would have no
effect on the frontal armor of the German tanks, or any side for that matter.


===============================================================================
9.5 - Flak 88
===============================================================================

Name:                           8.8cm Flak 36
Country of origin:		Germany
Available for:			Single Player only
Calibre:			8.8cm (88mm)

----------------------
Historical Background
----------------------

One of the most feared weapons in the German arsenal, the Flak 88 was the bane
of the armored vehicle. Capable of knocking out practically any tank in
existence during WWII, the Flak 88 was a formidable multi-purpose weapon used
both as standalone artillery and as primary armament for tanks.

The name "Flak" is derived from "Fliegerabwehrkanone", meaning "anti-aircraft
gun". Originally designed for a calibre of 75mm, the Flak was intended to
combat the problems faced by anti-aircraft artillery, namely the lack of
altitude and difficulty in hitting fast-moving targets. This was achieved by
increasing the muzzle velocity of the cannons to extend their range, and to
improve their rate of fire.

After overcoming the military speedbump of the Versailles Treaty, the Germans
quickly accelerated development of their new weapon. The first prototypes for
the new 88mm calibre were produced, and after testing and approval were
designed the Flak 18, also known as the Flak 88/L56, derived from the barrel
length of 56 calibres. The Flak 18 featured a "semi-automatic" loading system,
allowing spent cases to be ejected and new shells loaded with a single handle,
increasing the rate of fire to 20 rounds a minute. The Flak 18 was used in the
Spanish Civil War and proved to be best anti-aircraft weapon.

The Flak 36 model improved on the Flak 18 by using a three-piece barrel that
could be easily replaced from exposure and wear, and featured a heavy crucifix-
shaped base that could easily be deployed from its carriage, allowing the Flak
to commence firing after a very quick interval; essential to the German
blitzkrieg strategy.

During the North Africa campaign, Field Marshal Erwin Rommel realised that he
was short of anti-tank guns, which in any case proved to be ineffective against
Allied armor. To supplement his batteries, Rommel borrowed Flak 88's from other
batteries and used them to repel the British advance. The 88mm shells
devastated their tanks, and from then onwards the Flak 88 was used as a dual-
purpose gun, with time-delayed fuses for anti-air and high-explosive shells for
anti-tank and anti-infantry.

Despite the terrifying effectiveness of the Flak 88, it was a relatively
uncommon gun. It's heavy base made transportation and mobility difficult, and
most of the time its firepower was decisive only in ambush scenarios rather
than pitched battles.


-------------------
Call of Duty notes
-------------------

Available only in Single Player, the Flak 88 is available in Pegasus Night,
Pegasus Day and Hurtgen. Other than Panzerfausts, the Flak 88 is practically
the only option when it comes to knock out tanks. In addition, the artillery
piece itself can offer protection from small-arms fire to your right side when
you are manning it. A single shot is usually enough to take out any advancing
tank. Fortunately, the anti-tank guns you come across in the Russian T-34
aren't so lethal.

The aiming reticle is black T-shaped reticle. Align the crosshair with your
intended target and fire. In COD, Flak 88 shells follow a flat trajectory, so
there is no need to compensate for further distances. Simply point and click
and the target using the T-crosshair.


===============================================================================
9.6 - Flak Gun
===============================================================================

Name:				2cm Flak 38 "Flakvierling"
Country of origin:		Germany
Available for:			Single-Player only (Airfield)
Calibre:			20mm
Magazine capacity:		4 x 20 rounds

----------------------
Historical Background
----------------------

With four barrels, a practical firing rate of over 800 rounds per minute and
featuring a compact frame design including flip-up seats and raisable stands,
the Flakvierling was the best anti-aircraft gun the Germans had.

The Flakvierling was a capable of firing in semi-automatic and full-automatic,
and its barrels could quickly be replaced to prevent overheating and wear and
tear. It could fire both armor-piercing/high explosive shells, as well as
conventional HE shells.

The Flakvierling could elevate from -10 degrees to +100 degrees, was capable of
traversing 360 degrees and had separate sights for air and ground targest.


-------------------
Call of Duty notes
-------------------

Available only in the Airfield mission, the Flak gun is your only defense
against the incoming Stukas. The Flak gun uses the same black T-shape reticle
as the Flak 88, allowing simple point-and-click operation. However, note that
the reticle doesn't represent range, so you may need to aim lower or higher
at an incoming plane for a hit.


===============================================================================
9.7 - T34
===============================================================================

Name:				T-34 Medium Tank
Country of origin:		Russia
Available for:			Russian (Single-player only)
Main armament:			76.2mm cannon (85mm in T-34/85 models)
Secondary armament:		7.62mm DTM bow MG
				7.62mm DTM coaxial MG
Crew:				5


----------------------
Historical Background
----------------------
Developed in 1936 to replace the unsuccessful BT series of vehicles, the T-34
contained innovative features such as sloped armor and water-cooled diesel
engines, improving armor protection, speed and operating distance. The design
itself was simplistic, allowing mass production. Earlier models were armed with
the 76mm cannon. However, experience against the German Panther and Tiger tanks
proved the cannon to be insufficient, and so the upgraded T-34/85 tanks were
armed with an 85mm cannon.

An interesting flaw the original T-34 was a turret overhang. Germans found that
the overhang acted as a shot trap, and a well-placed Teller mine could disable
the turret completely. This flaw was subsequently fixed in the T-34/85 models.

Another interesting note is that because of the large numbers of T-34 tanks and
shortages in trained crew members in the early stages of the war, tanks that
were freshly rolled off the manufacturing line were sometimes manned by the men
and women who just built them.

While not as technologically advanced as the German tanks, the T-34's sheer
numbers made up for the technological gap, and many German commanders praised
the T-34 as one of the finest tanks ever made. After the war, the T-34 found
its way to many Eastern Bloc countries.


-------------------
Call of Duty notes
-------------------

Available only in the Russian campaign, the player drives the T-34 and controls
the main gun. The turret can be traversed using the mouse, and the tank can be
steered and driven using the WSAD configuration. Tanks can also be steered by
facing a direction and holding Spacebar.

While armored, the T-34 is vulnerable against enemy tanks and Panzerfaust
soldiers. The hull machine gun automatically fires at infantry in sight,
although firing a round from your cannon certainly helps. Tanks can take more
damage from your gun, but will be neutralised after 1-3 shots.

The targeting reticle is the same as the Flak 88, using the black T-shape
crosshair. Like the Flak 88, shells follow a flat trajectory, so you can
effectively snipe a long range target with your crosshair.



===============================================================================
END OF FILE
Copyright (c) 2004 - 2005 David "Scott Lee" Nguyen
===============================================================================
 

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