Team Fortress 2 - Spy Strategy Guide Walkthrough, Hints and Tips for PC Games.

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 Team Fortress 2 - Spy Strategy Guide

Team Fortress 2 - Spy Strategy Guide



------------Team Fortress 2 – Spy Strategy Guide-----------------


 Version: 2.9
 Last Update: July 02, 2008

 This guide is subject to change, as it will continually be
 updated as seen fit.

 Authors: nodforlife & Delkin525 (aka sR + Orca)

 Email: (Delkin525)  -
        (nodforlife) -

 We appreciate E-mails!!!

 Steam IDs: nodforlife, Delkin525

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
-                      Version History                          -
 •Version 2.9 / 07-02-2008                                      -
  -Huge Updates to the General Outline Section, incorporating   -
   Speed charts, and other such charts.                         -
  -Updated Disguise section: Added Intro and other info         -
   throughout                                                   -
  -Added Pat to the reader comments section.                    -
 •Version 2.8 / 06-19-2008                                      -
  Largest update since the launch of the guide!                 -
  The following have been updated:                              -
  -Fixed some major issues with the index. All of the sections  -
   and codes now correspond to one another accurately.          -
  -General Do's and Don'ts (#10, #18, and other various points) -
  -The 'How to handle Engineer' section (revised here and there)-
  -Quick Tips: #29 has been edited; a few others have been      -
   added or changed as well.                                    -
  -General Outline: Now more of a one-stop place, contains      -
   specific information regarding each of the Spy's weapons and -
   tools. I've incorporated some robust changes here.           -
  -New Section: Why Spy? (Section 0)                            -
  -Updated Accredited Suggestions to thank more people: AlcyOne,-
   johnie102, and Insolence.                                    -
  -Moved 'Version History' section to the top of the guide      -
  -In general, we've modified nearly every section of the guide -
   in one way or another...                                     -
  -Flipped the Disguise section. Moved the best disguises before-
   the bad ones.                                                -
  -Also added 'Reader Comments' to Closing section...           -
  -Added to the Map Strategy section namely: 2Fort strategies,  -
   and strats for the new map: CTF_Turbine                      -
 •Version 2.7 / 02-15-2008                                      -
  -Rectified some typos                                         -
  -Slight changes throughout                                    -
 •Version 2.6 / 01-15-2008                                      -
  -Added two more sections: Spy Checking / Quick Tips           -
  -Fixed typos                                                  -
  -Added information, and edited randomly throughout            -
 •Version 2.5 / 01-08-2008                                      -
  -Fixed typos                                                  -
  -Added a slew of content throughout the guide                 -
  -Added to map strategies, namely Hydro specific information   -
  -Revised information throughout                               -
 •Version 2.4 / 12-27-2007                                      -
  -Fixed some typos (I'll always find more)                     -
  -Other various changes                                        -
 •Version 2.3 / 12-18-2007                                      -
  -Again with the grammatical/spelling errors                   -
  -Map Specific Strategies updated: CP_Well update              -
  -Revised guide layout                                         -
  -Added updates throughout                                     -
 •Version 2.2 / 12-15-2007                                      -
  -Reformatted Entire Guide                                     -
  -Added New Sections                                           -
  -Many grammatical/spelling errors have been fixed             -
  -Refined initial work, added to sections                      -
  -Spy disguise officially deemed poor disguise                 -

   The spy is considered by many to be the most difficult of the
 classes, and for good reason; he is. Of all the classes he
 demands the most micro (or coordination that is acquired over
 time with experience). The Spy is unique in the fact that he's
 not your typical first-person-shooter experience. You're goal is
 not to out-gun the enemy, in fact it's the exact opposite;
 you're striving to out-smart them, which makes it all the more
 satisfying. The Spy is the weakest of the classes physically,
 yet he makes up for it with a slew of cunning tricks that can be
 essential for the victory of your team. A well timed sapper can
 provide just enough of a lull in the opponent’s defenses to
 allow your team to bust through and capture a point. Flanking
 the entire team’s rush and stabbing their medics can end their
 offensive before it’s even had time to reach your front lines.
 Pesky heavies and camping Snipers frequently fall victim to a
 capable Spy’s blade. And, really, there’s nothing more
 satisfying in TF2 than backstabbing a Medic/Heavy combo and
 taking down their 600 combined health with two deft mouse
 clicks. The Spy is our favorite class for these reasons, and
 despite his obvious deficiencies he can easily dominate the
 scoreboards and lead his team to victory. This guide will
 provide for you a vast understanding of the Spy, and how he
 works, through the eyes of two very Spy-obsessed individuals.
 We'll explain in detail in-game scenarios you'll face, how to
 deal with specific classes, how to think like a spy, how to move
 like a spy, and so much more. By the end of this guide, you'll
 be that much closer to turning yourself into a very capable Spy.
 The next step is taking what you learn here to heart, and thus
 executing your newly acquired knowledge in-game.

   Some of you are without doubt hardcore players, and pride
 yourselves on clan-related matches, and or league matches. Yet,
 I'm sure even a larger number of you will spend the majority of
 your time playing in public servers, which is fine. The true
 difference between the two isn't really a measure of skill. Just
 because you play in cal, or other such league events doesn't
 mean you can't be owned by someone in a pub. The difference lies
 in team coordination. Teamwork is immensely more coordinated in
 league and clan matches, and as such, the match is more
 difficult, much more difficult than the sparse coordination
 displayed in pub matches. In addition, being that league/clan
 players are experienced, playing with them means that you will
 have to utilize your Spy strategies to the utmost of precision.
 There can't be error, however, don't fret. There's a learning
 curve to the Spy and we're more than willing to start you on
 that curve. Essentially, league matches are void of noobs; the
 majority of players there have a fair degree of skill.  If you
 take part in league matches, then you're probably treating the
 game more as a sport than a simple instrument of fun. 

   What you'll find in public servers is a vast-array of skill,
 from very good players, to the most horrid. I've said that
 teamwork is sparse in public matches, this is because each team
 usually has a handful of people coordinating (usually via mic)
 to accomplish a task. The other players either go along with
 their direction, or wander around on their own one-man missions.
 With that said, in a pub match if your team isn't winning, or
 can't push through a chokepoint, please realize the fact that
 this is largely because your team isn't functioning as a single
 body; which is a key role to TF2 gameplay.

   In conclusion, this guide will provide for you details,
 hints, do's and don'ts, strategies, all formed around one of the
 most unique classes of any first-person-shooter out there; the
 Spy. It's truly a gaming experience like no other! The
 information within the premise of this guide will prove
 beneficial to any and all players, weather you're hardcore or
 just playing for the pure fun of it. 

 Good luck!

 This guide is divided into 11 sections. They are as follows:

 To skip directly to a section, click ctrl+F (the find command),
 then copy and paste the section code into the space provided,
 make sure to include the brackets []. Then hit search...

•Section 0) Why Spy?                                 (code: [A0])

 :A Pros/Cons list for the Spy, designed to help if you are 
  questioning whether or not to play Spy. 
•Section 1) General Outline                          (code: [A1])

 :A general outline of the Spy’s weapons and statistics. This
  section also includes a speed chart, depicting the speed of
  each class with relations to the Spy. This comes in handy when
  chosing a disguise. 

•Section 2) Disguises                                (code: [A2])

 :An in-depth take on which disguises to use and which not to

•Section 3) General Do's and Don’ts                  (code: [A3])

 :A collection of random tips, strategies, and hints applicable
  to every map

•Section 4) Targets                                  (code: [A4])

 :A detailed list of the best classes to backstab and the worst 
  classes to stab; a class by class assessment.

•Section 5) How to Handle Engineers                  (code: [A5])

 :Detailed section telling everything a Spy needs to know, and
  master when dealing with Engineers. 

•Section 6) Map Specific Strategies                  (code: [A6])

 :Detailed write-up of how to handle each of the 6 original maps
  as a Spy. If the map has attack/defensive sides then each side
  is discussed with a fair degree of accuracy. 

•Section 7) Spy Checking                             (code: [A7])

 :Detailed section that states everything you need to know when 
  Spy checking. 

•Section 8) Quick Tips                               (code: [A8])

 :The "Sparknotes" of the guide. Contains many tips, facts, and
  tricks, in a very brief 1-2 sentence description. Ideal for
  those of you who don't want to read page after page of this
  guide-- though I highly recommend that you do

  Note: Much of this section is already revealed throughout the
        guide in great depth. As I've said it is for those of you
        that are daunted by the thought of reading... Hence the
        "sparknotes" reference. 

•Section 9) Closing                                  (code: [A9])
 :Closing comments, and a place where we thank those who
  contribute. In additon, this is a place where one can
  fine reader comments (comments that we've recieevd via
  E-mail regarding our guide).

  Please E-mail us if you've found this guide helpful! :D


•Section 10) Copyright                              (code: [A10])

 :Standard copyright for our faq...

-                                                               -
-                                                               -
-                                                               -
-                      Enjoy the Guide!                         -
-                                                               -
-                                                               -
-                                                               -
-Section 0)                  Why Spy?                        [A0]

   This section is designed to reveal the pros and cons of the
 Spy. If you're pondering whether or not to play Spy, hopefully
 this section will be insightful, thus leading to a more
 concise decision. 

|                            Why Spy?                           |
|          Pros                ] [            Cons              |
|                              |-|                              |
|•Backstab is an instant kill  | |•Takes a wealth of experience |
|                              |-| to truly be successful, due  |
|•The revolver is effective at | | to Steeper learning curve.   |
| long ranges.                 |-|                              |
|                              | |•Extremely vulnerable to      |
|•Can cloak to bypass enemy    |-| fire.                        |
| lines.                       | |                              |
|                              |-|•Poor against scouts.         |
|•Far more versatile than most | |                              |
| classes.                     |-|•The knife when used to       |
|                              | | attack the front is weaker   |
|•Can disable Engineer         |-| than every other melee       |
| structures.                  | | weapon.                      |
|                              |-|                              |
|•Can use tele without the glow| |•Oftentimes get caught in     |
| at his feet when disguised as|-| enemy crossfire. Depending   |
| an enemy. No other class can | | on the scenario and map.     |
| avoid this.                  |-|                              |
|                              | |•Oftentimes forced to take    |
|•Fairly quick in movement,    |-| the roundabout way.          |
| faster than Demoman, Soldier,| |                              |
| and the Heavy. Tied with many|-|•Low health.                  |
| others for the same speed.   | |                              |
|                              |-|                              |
|•Only class that has the      | |                              |
| option of playing            |-|                              |
| independently from the team. | |                              |
|                              |-|                              |
|•Can gain health from enemy   | |                              |
| Medics, Dispensers, and mine |-|                              |
| carts.                       | |                              |
|                              |-|                              |
|•Looks amazing in a Tux!      | |                              |

-Section 1)              General Outline                     [A1]

   The Spy is tied with the Scout, Engineer, and the Sniper for
 the lowest health available in TF2; placing them at 125 health
 points each. However, don't let his low health fool you, he's a
 cunning fellow. Overhealed by a Medic, said classes rise to 185
 HP (health points). The Spy has a slew of weapons and gizmos at
 his disposal, five in all: the revolver, the sapper, the
 butterfly knife, the disguise kit, and the cloaking device. A
 competent Spy must utilize each of these tools effectively. As
 such, due to the importance of the tools new Spies must work to
 familiarize themselves with them. You've got to practice
 everything at hand, it's essential.

** Below is a write up of said weapons, gizmos, and tools.   


 The Revolver:

 Clip size: 6 | Reserved: 24 | Total Bullets: 30

 Damage Chart:

  ________                              ______
 |Distance|                            |Damage|
 |                                     |                        | 
 | Close Range                         | 50-60 Damage           |
 |                                     |                        |
 |                                     |                        |
 | Medium Range                        | 35-45 Damage           |
 |                                     |                        |
 |                                     |                        |
 | Long Range                          | 20-25 Damage           |
 |                                     |                        |
 |                                     |                        |
 |*Critial Hit (Regardless of Range)   | *120  Damage           |
 |                                     |                        |

 • The above chart shows that the Revolver does experience damage
   drop-off as the range increases. This however does not apply
   to critical hits.

    The Spy’s primary weapon. It holds six bullets before reload,
 and the reload time is fairly quick, which comes in handy during
 the frequent battles you will be having with the shotgun-toting
 Engineers, who have a very slow reload time in comparison.
 Generally speaking, the Revolver is only good at taking out
 weaker classes such as Engineers, Scouts, Medics, and other
 Spies, and retreating wounded enemies. When engaged in a fire-
 fight with the pistol, it’s best to retreat as you fire, since
 the Spy’s bullets do the same damage from any range, while the
 shotgun toting classes have their damage limited by distance,
 and you will be out of range of the Pyro’s flamethrower.

    It's also worth noting that the revolver has a very
 distinctive sound, to the experienced ear, it's a dead give-
 away. For example anytime that I hear the revolver being fired
 off, I immediately recognize it, then hunt for and kill the
 enemy Spy. Usually he is fire fighting a teammate of mine, but
 now that I too am aware of him, I may as well kill him. 

    Lastly, the Revolver is a surprisingly accurate weapon. At a
 distance, it can be used to 'snipe' the enemy, as it really is
 nearly that accurate. You can fair well against classes such
 as Heavy, Soldier, and even Demoman from afar, due to the fact
 that their weapons decrease in effectiveness with distance. For
 example, a barrage of bullets from a trigger happy Heavy spread
 out with distance. They spread out enough where  at a distance,
 it is nearly a useless weapon. Though, even with this knowledge 
 of the Revolver, it should still primarily be a last resort, as
 stabbing and sapping are far more crucial to the success of a
 Spy. This knowledge gives some basis to the idea that if you're
 caught, you should retreat whilst shooting the enemy with your
 Revolver. It's accurate, and moving away from the enemy makes
 them less accurate. 


 The Sapper:

 Ammo: Infinite 

 • Can be knocked off structure with two wrench hits

    For destroying buildings. If you have this selected and
 approach an enemy building, a white outline of the sapper will
 appear on top of the nearest one. Clicking applies the sapper,
 but does not blow your disguise. It does, however, tip off
 everyone nearby since they will see a supposed friendly unit
 and a sapped building. Planting and running is the best
 strategy, unless there’s a nosey Engineer around (we'll talk
 about how to deal with them in the next section.) Sappers will
 disable the operation of whatever they are applied to for the
 duration of the sap, eventually causing the building to blow
 up. The sappers slowly suck the life from their buildings and
 they kill teleports and dispensers fairly quickly. Fully powered
 up sentries take a while and the sappers will usually be
 destroyed by an Engineer, since most Engineers consider a Tier 3
 sentry too valuable a prize to leave undefended. In this case,
 just reapply the sapper until the sentry dies. The sapper takes
 health faster than the engineer can repair it, and even if he’s
 pounding on it with his wrench the whole time you’re sapping it,
 you’ll kill it eventually.

 Sapping Times:

    Below is a list of approximately how long it will take for
 the sapper to destroy the structure it's attached to. This 
 approximation only considers straight sapping, with no

    * Sentry Gun
          o Level 1: 6 seconds
          o Level 2: 7 seconds
          o Level 3: 9 seconds 

    * Dispenser / teleporter entrance and exit: 6 seconds  

    To destroy the structure more quickly, once sapped, you can
 can shoot it with your revolver. Though, typically, to finish
 off a tier three sentry it will take northward of six bullets.
 Originally, before more current patches, a Spy could easily
 destroy a tier three sentry by shooting it once sapped. Now
 they've made it a slight bit more resistant to revolver fire,
 particularly while it's sapped. 

 The Butterfly Knife:

 • Side stabs (nearer the back), stabs from above, below, and the
   back register as backstabs. Note that above and below are
   special cases. I actually had a Heavy jump over a stair
   railing and land ontop of me-- I quickly looked up, stabbed,
   and his body crashed to the ground in a thunderous heap!

    This is where most of your points will come from. The knife
 kills most classes in about four stabs from the front, but from
 the back, side, or even above in some cases it’s a one hit
 kill. You’re rewarded with two points for a backstab instead of
 the one for a front stab. Since most of your kills come from
 backstabs, this can lead to some pretty lofty scores, and a good
 Spy can dominate the scoreboards by double-digit points if he
 can knife properly. Obviously, the slower classes like Heavies
 and Soldiers are easier to stab since they don’t dart around
 and prevent you from a clear path to their backs, like Medics
 and Scouts tend to do.

    Much like the Revolver, backstabbing someone makes a noise
 that is easily identifiable. It makes the enemy scream in a way
 that they wouldn't typically do at any point during the game.
 When I'm a class other than Spy, and I recognize the scream as a
 teammate behind me gets a knife thrust through his back, I
 immediately recognize a Spy without thinking twice. As such I
 quickly turn, and kill said Spy.
    In general, paying attention to your surroundings helps
 immensely especially when dealing with enemy Spies. 


 The Cloak:

    This is key. Knowing when to cloak is the difference between
 a skilled Spy and an amateur. Right-clicking the mouse will
 begin the cloak. It takes a moment before you’re completely
 transparent and enemies can still bump into you. If they do, you
 will shimmer for a moment and your location will be revealed.
 This also happens if you take damage, so staying out of the path
 of the Heavy’s mini-gun or the Pyro’s flames is recommended. The
 cloak lasts about 10 seconds before the meter is empty and it
 recharges to full as long as you’re not using it. When
 invisible, sentries will not shoot at you and changing disguises
 does not reveal you, so disguising while cloaked is advised.


 The Disguise Kit:

    Does what the name implies. You can disguise as either an
 enemy or friendly class and you will appear to the enemy as
 such. It takes a moment for a disguise to take effect and a
 small cloud will appear around you for the duration of the
 change. Once disguised, using the revolver or knife will take
 off the disguise, exposing you to sentries or other defenders,
 so only go for the kill if you a) are spotted and have to fight
 or b) have an easy backstab. Also, you will appear to the enemy
 as whichever class you’ve selected carrying its primary weapon
 (e.g. if you’re a Pyro you’ll have  the flamethrower, a Heavy
 you’ll have the mini-gun, etc). There are essentially a few
 primary disguises, ones that you will find more useful in more
 situations. Among these disguises is Pyro, Demoman, Engineer,
 and Sniper. If you play the part well, even Medic can work...
 though it's a risky disguise, especially for the inexperienced

    As a rule of thumb, anytime you are amongst your team, you
 should be in a friendly disguise. The point of the Spy is to
 sneak around unnoticed, it's hard to do this when you've given
 yourself away early. I suggest that you disguise yourself as a
 friendly Pyro to deter enemy Spies each time you spawn, then
 traverse the map as far as you can with a friendly disguise.
 Once you get to the point where you'll be nearing enemies,
 cloak, re-disguise as an enemy, then let the mayhem begin. 

    One might ask, why would you use a friendly disguise if the
 enemy will kill you when they find you, as you are still an 
 enemy to them? Well, it's simple really. If you use a friendly
 disguise while amongst your team, like a Pyro, when the enemy
 sees you, they will have intent to kill you, but at the same
 time, they must consider the risk of your teammates around
 you. They won't charge in to go after a Pyro because the Heavies
 and Medics are probably better targets. If however, you were
 wearing an enemy disguise, and they spotted you running with
 your team, they'd notify their team of your whereabouts, where
 you're headed, and what you're disguised as. You've already
 lessened your chances of success exponentially based on the
 fact that the enemy is aware of you. 

    Conversely if you had just stuck to the friendly disguise,
 you could have made a disappearing act, and once you reappeared
 you'd already be disguised as a new class, even the enemy.
 Another useful purpose in using friendly disguises is that the
 enemy won't suspect you as being a Spy, they will believe your
 disguise. If you're disguised as a friendly Pyro, enemy Spies
 will likely avoid you, given the threat that Pyros pose to
 Spies. On that same note, if the enemy was trying to kill you,
 and you were disguised as a friendly class, say a Pyro, you
 could round a corner, and cloak. If they didn't see you cloak,
 they will have no idea that you cloaked, and they will still be
 looking for a Pyro. This works because cloaking is not a
 property of a Pyro, so the enemy wouldn't expect one to do so.  
 Once they've realized that you may have cloaked, that you were
 actually a Spy, assuming they realized at all, it's too late
 for them, because you are either far from them, or have already
 backstabbed them.

    Seeing as how the golden rule of Spying is staying hidden
 from the enemy, setup-time is no exception. Some Spies will go
 to the enemy's gates during setup-time, and start taunting. I
 find this to be ridiculously foolish, because now the enemy is
 aware of said Spy. They will anticipate him, and could counter
 him. If the enemy is aware of the Spy, they will anticipate his
 antics. He may not prove as successful to a knowing enemy. For
 example, the enemy may attempt countering you with Pyro, waiting
 for you to make your move, then burning you alive. However, if
 you were disguised as a friendly Pyro, then you would be no
 different than the countless teammates around you who are
 waiting for the gates to open. Once the time nears zero, you
 can easily hide behind any number of things, cloak, re-disguise,
 then de-cloak in a more opportune position so that you're well
 placed for the opening doors. The underlying idea here is that
 you don't want the enemy to be aware of your presence at any
 point in time as a Spy.

    In the end, a Spy must master coordination between both his
 cloaking, and his disguises. Mastering these two tools truly
 sets the bar for an amateur Spy and a skilled Spy. Knowing when
 to cloak is as we've stated before "key." Furthering that,
 using disguises effectively out of cloak, is equally as

**The following are unique properties regarding the Disguise Kit: 


 • Every single time a disguise is deployed, so to does the Spy's
   health change to the enemy. The health that the enemy can see
   is not his actual health. Typically, this random, fake health
   status is anywhere from half-health to full-health, it's not
   always half-health like many once believed. If you disguise as
   a Pyro, you may appear to have half-health to the enemy. In
   that same life, one could disguise as a Demoman, as such, your
   health shown would once again randomize. This time, you may
   have three quarters health to the enemy. Though a Spy never
   knows how much health he is displaying, it's important to know
   that it changes each time the disguise does. That way, people
   may be thrown off when chasing a Spy disguised as a Demoman
   with half-health, when they find the same Spy newly disguised
   as a Pyro with near full health. It's a subtlety but changing
   your disguise frequently, especially once spotted, is hugely 
   important to the success of a Spy. 


 • While in an enemy disguise, one can gain health from
   dispensers, mine carts, and potentially enemy Medics.


 • While in an enemy disguise, sentries will not target you. As
   they will recognize you as a member of their team.


 • It takes a few seconds for a new disguise to take effect,
   during this time, a cloud is visible around you. This "cloud"
   can easily give you away to the enemy, as it draws attention
   to the eye. It is best to disguise while cloaked, as it avoids
   the "cloud" like effect. Here's another subtley that will help
   one know when the disguise has taken full effect. When one
   deploys a disguise, a white outline of the Spy shrinks to the
   lower left hand corner of the screen, shrinking to the HUD. 
   Once this has happened, and the two pictures in the bottom are
   the Spy, and which ever class you disguised as; you're good to


 • Once disguised, bumping into the enemy is an immediate
   indication to them that you aren’t one of them. So avoid
   being "bumped" into at all costs. 


 • When taking on a disguise, the Spy's actual speed changes to
   reflect the class he's disguising as. This means, that if you
   disguised as a Heavy, not only would you look like one to the
   enemy, but you'd move as slowly as one too. However, if you 
   disguise yourself as a class that's faster than the Spy, such
   as a Scout, your speed won't increase. If one disguised as a
   Scout, to the enemy, they'd look like a really slow moving
   Scout, which is a dead give away.


 • Spies do not show pain. If an enemy was to shoot you, your
   health would not change to reflect that, at least, not from
   their point-of-view. If you continued with what you were
   doing, there is no way for them to tell if you've been
   injured. Sometimes pretending that you haven't been shot will
   make the enemy believe your disguise.


 • While disguised as a friendly class, one can still assist in
   capturing a point, without letting onto the enemies that 
   they're a Spy. 


 • If disguised as an enemy class while using a teleporter the
   glow is not visible at the Spy's feet. However, if you used
   a friendly disguise you could negate the "pixie" like effect
   when you initate your cloaking. It dissapears fully once
   you've become fully invisible. 


         **More on disguise specifics in Section 2**


 Speed Comparisons:

    This section shows the speed of each class, with relations to
 the Spy. It's important to note that if a Spy was to disguise as
 one of the faster classes his speed doesn't increase. Conversely,
 if the Spy was to disguise as a slow class, a Heavy for example,
 his speed would lessen to match that of a
 real Heavy.

    This chart is arranged from fastest classes to slowest:

  _____                                 _____________________
 |Class|                               |Speed Relative to Spy|
 |                                     |                        | 
 | Scout                               | 133%                   |
 |                                     |                        |
 |                                     |                        |
 | Medic                               | 107%                   |
 |                                     |                        |
 |                                     |                        |
 | Pyro, Engineer, Sniper, & Spy       | 100% (BASELINE)        |
 |                                     |                        |
 |                                     |                        |
 | Demoman                             | 90%                    |
 |                                     |                        |
 |                                     |                        |
 |                                     |                        |
 | Soldier                             | 80%                    |
 |                                     |                        |
 |                                     |                        |
 | Heavy                               | 76.6%                  |
 |                                     |                        |
 |                                     |                        |
 | Heavy (revved), Sniper (in zoom)    | 26.6%                  |
 |                                     |                        |

    This chart indicates that a Spy is slower than both the Scout
 (obviously) and the Medic. Conversely, he's tied with the Pyro,
 Enineer, and Sniper, for the same baseline speed. Yet he's
 faster than the Demoman, Soldier, and Heavy. Then as seen at the
 bottom the Heavy and Sniper are tied for the slowest when
 executing their secondary functions; revving, and zooming. 

 • All classes move 10% slower whilst moving backwards.

   -This does not include crouching, as it's a new fixed speed,
    which is the same in any direction.


-Section 2)                Disguises                         [A2]

    Disguises play an important role for the Spy. The correct
 disguise could very well be the difference between life and
 death. Generally speaking, no disguise, not even the best ones
 will truly trick the enemy, especially smart, alert ones. They
 are powerful at a glance, as at-a-glance, the enemy might not
 think anything of you. Thankfully, due to the fast paced nature
 of the game, there will be many times that the enemy fails to
 notice you at-a-glance. A disguise alone will not make the Spy,
 as, managing his cloak is the true key to a Spy's success.

    Acting is also important, as it is the next step in making
 your disguise believable. You should, while in disguise, appear
 to be concerned with your team, as if they were threatening to
 you. You could look in their direction, jump and "dodge" their
 fire, as if to fear being hit. Also, you may find scenarios
 where backing from said ally fire and calling an enemy Medic
 will benefit you, as even smart Medics mess up on occasion. 

    You can also use certain disguises to lure Medics, especially
 foolish ones. One way to do this is to take on the role of a
 more offensive class, such as a Heavy or Soldier, and head to
 your side of the map. I might do this if I see a lone Medic on
 the frontlines. Luring him to me via the Cry-for-help voice
 command, I'd then proceed towards my base, and he would more
 than likely follow within a safe distance behind. If you aren't
 able to take him out via your Revolver or stab, as in attempting
 may result in death, continue to lure him towards your team so
 that your team can kill him. He may very well stick by you
 thinking that he's helping you out, and you're going to protect
 him. This isn't the most concrete strategy, as it's incredibly
 risky, but if it works, it's hilarious. 

=========[Your best disguise options are as follows]============= 

 The Pyro is probably the single best disguise ever. Why?
 Simple… The Pyro is a trademark anti-Spy character, and is also
 short-ranged. Because Pyros hunt spies, they are known to
 randomly wander about, having no concrete order of gameplay. In
 addition, because they are short-ranged, they rarely attempt
 attacking enemies at a distance; which means there is little
 suspicion of you if you aren't shooting at an enemy that would
 otherwise normally by out of reach for a Pyro. Oftentimes you
 won't be noticed, being that it’s not so suspicious of a Pyro
 to be anywhere and everywhere. As stated above, the Pyro is
 short-ranged, and as such he won't attract as much attention
 for not shooting constantly. Conversely, if you imitate a Heavy
 or Soldier, it is likely that the enemy can tell that you’re a
 Spy based on the fact that you aren’t shooting. Also, you
 aren't slowed down at all in this disguise.

 Note: Posing as a friendly Pyro (a Pyro of your team color) is
 also an incredibly effective way of scaring off, and dealing
 with enemy Spies. This is so for a few reasons. One, as you'll
 see later in this guide Pyros are the worst target for a Spy,
 and should be avoided at all costs. With that said, the enemy
 Spy will more than likely try to avoid you, this is good because
 if you are looking for an enemy Spy, and you notice that one of
 your own is avoiding you, cough, Spy. Now you can have a
 revolver duel, alert others, or attempt stabbing him to death.
 If you are really daring you could attempt all three at once!

 The engineer is one of the best disguises to take out
 sentries, being that it is typical of an engineer to stick near
 his sentry and dispenser. Sap first then stab (sapping is
 explained in greater depth in the target section). Sadly, the
 engineer is a highly suspected disguise; this is thanks to the
 fact that too many spies are uncreative and think there's no
 other way to deal with sentries than to take on this disguise.
 Pyros will constantly check engineer's above all else. This
 disguise will not slow down the Spy's movement at all.

 Note: You can immediately determine whether or not an Engineer is
 an enemy Spy based on whether or not the Engineer is
 holding his wrench, or shotty. A Spy as an Engineer would be
 holding his primary weapon, the Shotty, where as most every 
 Engineer wields his wrench as his weapon of choice. At a glance,
 if the Engineer has a wrench or pistol in hand, you know for
 sure he's not a Spy. This is important because too many noobs
 spy-check everyone, pay attention to detail... 


 The Demoman is among the best in-between disguises. It's
 not highly expected, and it won't slow the movement of the spy.
 Still, if the Demoman is seen wandering in a fashion unlike a
 Demoman it's obvious to the enemy that you're a Spy so, be
 careful. This disguise will slow the Spy's movement by 10%,
 which isn't too noticeable. 


 The Sniper disguise is good when you are in the appropriate
 place. If you are in a particular part of a map in which Snipers
 dwell, then props to you. Stab them Snipers! Otherwise this
 class is suspicious.

 •This class also won't slow down the Spy's movement.

 Note: When posing as a Sniper, to avoid suspicion be aware of 
 your surroundings, have a target in mind, and act interested in
 your team. Act as though they (your team) are a dynamic worry to
 you, strafe back-and-forth looking in the direction of your
 team, especially when enemies are present. As soon as a target
 is within range, or when the moments right, break from the act
 and assassinate. 

 Note: When posing as a Sniper, you cannot bring the Sniper rifle
 to a zoomed state, holding it to your face, because that's a
 property that only the Sniping class has. Being that you aren't
 a Sniper, don't have a sniper rifle, you can't ever look to be
 looking in  the scope. As such, you can expect that a Spy
 disguised as a Sniper will be holding the sniper rifle lower. It
 doesn't make a huge difference, because a good Sniper isn't
 always behind his scope, as it narrows his vision. 

=========[Your worst disguise options are as follows]============

 You're a huge target. Most people realize whether or not
 their team has a Heavy, they are a class that demands attention,
 whether they mean to or not. Part of the reason that a Heavy is
 a dead give away is the fact that they are so huge. People pay
 attention to you more. Not to mention that a Heavy is always
 situated on the front line, and is always firing away. Seeing as
 how you can’t shoot, you'de like grow suspicious in the watchful
 eyes of the enemy. Also, it’s worth noting that disguising as a
 Heavy will not help in large when trying to kill Medics, being
 that you're slow moving now.

 This disguise could potentially be useful for advanced Spy
 strategies, like the one listed in the section intro, though
 only the most dastardly Spies should attempt it.

 Note: Most Medics know exactly how a Heavy (or anyone they are
 healing) should act, and deviating from that known way of
 acting only causes suspicion. To better act as a Heavy, always
 appear to be advancing towards your base which to the Medic
 healing you is his enemy's base.


 As a Scout your speed doesn't increase. It's obvious to the
 enemy that you're not a Scout, because you appear slow moving to
 them. In addition, Scouts are frantic bastards and double jump
 like there’s no tomorrow. Surely a Spy can't perform as such.

 • Worst disguise in my opinion, as it's blatanlty obvious that
   you're a fake because you can't move as fast as a Spy, or
   double Jump. This is probably the worst disguise ever.

 • The only way to even attempt this disguise is to move about 
   while crouched, though, how often do you see a friendly Scout
   crouched and moving along the ground? It's still an eye
   catcher to say the least.


 The Soldier is only a slight bit faster than a Heavy, which
 isn't saying much for the Soldier's speed. This class is an
 easy target for Snipers, thanks to his cumbersome movement. Also
 Soldiers are generally seen on the frontlines, as they are a
 highly offensive class. As such, this disguise will prove more
 effective when executed on the front lines. This disguise is
 ill-advised as it slows the Spy's movement a great deal, like
 the Heavy. It will make it difficult to catch up with classes,
 and at a straight away, it'll be impossible to catch up to most.

 This class should only be used for advanced Spy strategies, such
 as luring enemy Medics, even then it's quite risky. 


 Medics are the WORST possible disguise. Why you ask, because
 they are constantly being demanded upon by their team, and as
 such you will have the enemy following you around, all the
 while begging to be healed. Because a real medic is always
 healing, and the fact that you can't is a dead give-away. The
 point of being a Spy is to bring the least amount of attention
 your way, and unfortunately Medics receive an exorbitant

 Note: Another factor that contributes to the downfall of this
 disguise is the fact that when the enemy aims at you there is
 no ubercharge percentage. Typically, when you look at a medic
 that is on your team, you’d see an ubercharge percentage. 
 Yet another indication and dead give away that you're a spy.

 Note: An experienced player will know that a Spy's physical
 appearance when taking on this disguise includes that he is
 holding his primary weapon (which is the case for every
 disguise); the syringe-gun. Typically, Medics are seen wielding
 their medi-gun, and as such anytime a Medic is seen wandering
 about with his syringe-gun it's worth Spy-checking him.


 In the beginning, early in TF2's release, the Spy was a good
 disguise. At this point in time however, specific details point
 out the flaw of this disguise. 

 Firstly, when disguised as a Spy, you don't have a cardboard
 cut-out mask on your face. This means that from the enemy's
 point-of-view, they see you, an apparent ally Spy, who has for
 whatever reason decided to walk around without a disguise on.
 To the trained eye this is an immediate indication that you're
 an enemy spy.

 Secondly, wandering around the enemy's base, without the cover
 of a mask is an immediate suspicion as they'd expect to at least
 see you wandering the other teams base (your team), not their
 own. After all, how often do you as a Spy wander around your own
 base with no mask on? -- Good response, you never do. 

 Note: When disguised, a cardboard cut-out mask is on your face,
 Only visible to your teammates, the mask represents the class
 that you are disguised as. However, when you disguise as a spy
 the enemy sees you as a spy without the cut-out mask on. It can
 be a dead give away to the trained eye. 

-Section 3)        General Do's and Don’ts                    [A3]

 While each map has specific strategies that work best, there are
 some basic techniques that are applicable to all stages, both
 offense and defense. This section lists some Do's and Don'ts and


1) DON’T attempt to get into firefights unless absolutely
 necessary. You have too little health for that kind of exercise
 and most every other gun in the game is more powerful than yours.
 The only classes that you have a chance of killing consistently
 are Spies, Medics, Scouts (if you can hit them), Demomen (if you
 can avoid their splash damaging explosives)and Engineers. Though,
 Engineers they are usually guarded by their allies or sentries,
 since most Engineers camp nearby their teams spawn points;
 especially late game.

 Note: Surprisingly a good medic will often times out-gun you,
       based on the fact that their Syringe gun has a much better
       rate of fire than the Spy's revolver. Though, the revolver
       is stronger than the syringe-gun per shot. A Medic will
       especially have an advantage over you with the Blutsauger
       (the new syringe gun) equipped. It vamps 3 health from you
       and gives it to them each and every time you get hit.
       Trust me, this syringes come out very quickly, and if the
       Medic is good, he'll be able to aim them very well-- even
       at exceedingly long distances. Good Medics have been known
       to take out Sentries, and Dispensers from afar, even at
       angles a Soldier could never dream of, thanks to the arc
       of that the Syringe gun provides. 


2) DON’T run toward the enemy unless you’re cloaked. Even if
 you are disguised as them, the fact that a supposed teammate is
 running at them is a dead giveaway that you are a Spy and they
 will kill you. Cloak, get BEHIND their lines, then stab away.


3) As an addendum to Number 2, the disguise can be pretty much
 worthless for fooling the other team if you fail to act
 appropriately. All but beginners have learned to be suspicious
 of everyone, and will shoot every teammate enough times to kill
 a disguised Spy. Be especially weary of Pyros, since being set
 on fire does not disappear when cloaked. In fact, steering clear
 of Pyros altogether is a good idea, unless they are set up for
 the perfect stab.


4) You should always be in disguise! If you're spotted, you
 should act quickly to either start killing, or cloak/
 re-disguise, then scamper off, then return and continue to
 harass the enemy.


5) The best way to get backstabs is to cloak right before you
 get to the point in the map where the teams are clashing, then
 run back to a safe point behind their lines where you can
 de-cloak and ‘join’ their team for the fight. Often times this
 takes agility to avoid the firefight on the front lines, but if
 you can juke your way around the flying grenades, rockets, and
 Heavy bullets, there can often be bountiful rewards awaiting
 your knife-wielding hands. Be careful there are no Engineers
 around, since they like to hang out near the rear. Usually, if
 you see the Medics run by that means the whole line has passed,
 since Medics typically run behind everyone with their beam on a
 Heavy or Soldier.


6) DO stab their Medics first. They are crucial to any
 offensive push, especially if they can get their Ubercharge.
 Killing them makes a brief retreat/heal or Uber-rush for the
 other team impossible, effectively ending their rush and
 allowing your team to pick off the attackers. I list the order
 of priority to stab at 1) Medics 2) Heavies (since it’s really
 easy) 3) Soldiers 4) Demomen 5) Everyone else. Obviously,
 killing Engineers is important, too, but they are rarely on the
 front lines and can be dealt with separately.


7) Accept the fact that as a Spy, YOU WILL DIE A LOT. Spies are
 weak, sapping sentries is often a suicide mission, and sometimes
 their front line is so full of people and firepower that
 sneaking by is impossible. Just suck it up, re-spawn, and go
 back at them. There’s a reason you get twice as many points for
 a backstab, since you probably die twice as much as other
 classes just getting into the position to get one. But oh, how
 sweet they are.


8) Plan proactively. If you can see your team has a capture
 well in hand, try to sneak onto the next point for an easy
 capture before the enemy can get its defenses up. This works
 great on the final points on Granary and Well since they capture
 really fast and you can almost always get the point before they
 can stop you. Then you can rush into their spawn before your
 team can get there and steal all the juicy free kills.


9) Don’t get greedy with sapping. When you put a sapper on
 something, be sure you can get away cleanly unless you’re just
 trying to get a sentry and dying is expected. If there are four
 enemies with their backs to you and an enemy teleport nearby,
 LEAVE IT ALONE. If the Engineer is nearby, he’ll announce that
 he’s being sapped and his team will raise hell looking for you.
 Besides, killing the enemy troops is worth more points, and is
 usually better for your team, especially if there're Medics in
 the bunch. 
 More on Engineers and Sentries later...


10) Originally, Spies were unable to use teles due to the fact
 that it would leave a glow at their feet-- giving them away
 to the entire enemy team. This pixie dust like glow effect
 lasted long enough where if the Spy had just walked instead
 of using the tele, he'd probably get to the target destination 
 around the same time the pixie dust effects would have worn off.
 This means that it made sense for the Spy to ignore the tele,
 thus taking the roundabout path instead. 

    Thankfully however, Valve has changed tele and Spy properties
 in a more current update, changing the "glow" like attributes.
 Now a Spy can use a tele safely without the glow at his feet.
 The catch is, the Spy must be disguised as the enemy for this to
 take effect. If the Spy is disguised as anything aside for the
 enemy, he will still show the pixie glow at his feet. 


11) The true skill that comes into play while playing Spy is
 speed. The only time you should sit still, if ever, is to
 recharge your cloaking, and that's only if you are in a very
 secure spot. Otherwise, constantly change your disguise after
 being spotted, and while cloaked might I add. Spies are hunters;
 sometimes they let their prey come to them.


12) As a Spy, you have to avoid your own team when passing a
 choke point, no not because you are afraid to be seen with your
 team in an enemy disguise (giving away the fact that you're a
 Spy), as you can easily cloak and sneak away. The problem is
 that when you move with your team, even whilst invisible, you'll
 likely be shot in the crossfire and often times killed. For
 example, if your team goes to point A, go to point B. Or, if
 they go to point A go to point B and make your way to point A.
 Take the most convoluted way possible, and kill everyone
 along the way.

    As stated before, while with your team, or on your side of
 the map, use a friendly disguise until you get close enough to
 the enemy where you cloak, re-disguise, and sneak off. 


13) Don't worry about what classes the enemy team has when it
 comes to deciding upon a disguise (unless it’s a very small
 game). The enemy is usually too busy running about and won’t
 notice what their entire team is comprised of.


14) Also, be on the lookout for enemy Spies, they are up to the
 same things that you are, so expect what they're up to before
 they even know what they're doing. There is nothing like out-
 spying a Spy. Keep track of enemy Spy movement especially after
 having breached the enemy’s side of the map. Oftentimes you’ll
 see an enemy Spy take on a disguise in plain site. Also, if you
 want to hunt enemy Spies who are plaguing your team, one good
 strategy is to disguise yourself as a Pyro of your own team.
 Spies usually fear Pyros, and don’t attempt stabbing them. This
 will usually give you an edge over enemy spies. Make sure to
 watch for typical de-cloaking areas that you would use as a Spy
 to catch their Spies in the act.


15) If you're chasing down an enemy, and can't catch up, gun them
 down. The revolver isn't the most powerful weapon, but if used
 correctly (and by all means this is correctly), there are many
 scenarios in which it can prove effective. Though, must I
 remind you that as a Spy your primary focus should be that of
 your knife.


16) Sometimes you’ll be caught in a scenario where you’ll have no
 choice but to pass straight by an enemy who will soon hopefully
 walk right by you without suspicion. A few tips will aid you in
 doing so with little suspicion. Firstly, don’t look straight at
 them, look straight ahead. Don’t act like you’re afraid of them,
 try to act natural, so in this case no backing off then
 proceeding forward again. At the very instant that you're about
 to pass by each other, turn to them very quickly and stab their
 side. If your stab lands on their side near enough their back, 
 it's a one-hit-wonder (which will usually be the case in this
 scenario). This is such a satisfying way of dealing with the


17) When cloaking/de-cloaking always do so out of enemy site,
 and give the cloaking/de-cloaking process time to complete
 before you run out of cover. Many Spies don’t realize that when
 they de-cloak, they appear differently to the enemy, it takes
 about two seconds to fully de-cloak for them to look like their
 disguise. Otherwise they will be half translucent for a few
 moments, and then their cover is blown. The same issue is
 involved with cloaking. If you cloak and immediately try to run
 by enemies they will see you for a second, shoot in the area
 that you were headed, causing you to become slightly visible,
 and continue to shoot you. Heavies will do this all the time,
 if they are shooting and clip a Spy, they will follow the
 invisible Spy based on the translucent figure they saw when they
 hit you. Usually a Heavy will finish you like this, which is
 very annoying.


18) Sometimes people like to rely on hard facts to consider how
 they might go about playing. For example, many people would say
 never get in a fire fight with a Spy because his revolver is
 among the weakest weapons in the game, and the Spy also has
 little health in comparison to other classes. Though, those
 people fail to take into consideration the obvious. Often times
 when you use the revolver, the enemy will not expect it. If the
 enemy isn’t aware of you to begin with you’ll easily land
 multiple hits, (usually enough to kill) before they even have
 time to react. So, stats aside, it’s still a handy weapon, when
 used accordingly.

 Note: When dealing with the Heavy, Soldier, and any other class
 with a considerable amount of health use the revolver as a last-
 ditch effort, seeing as how they won't go down easily. In fact,
 you're better off fleeing said classes rather than engaging in a
 fire-fight with them. 

 NOTE: Generally speaking, the Revolver should only be used when
 a backstab is not possible. Say for example you are chasing
 someone. Sometimes you simply can't catch up. As such, pulling
 out the revolver and landing a few slugs in their back could
 very well kill them, however, if you fail to land the hits,
 you've blown your cover. Oftentimes it's better to avoid making
 yourself known to the enemy. Simply put, don't blow your cover
 if you don't have to. 


19) Furthering #18, in some cases you’ll be forced to use your
 revolver because you’ve run out of cloak and the enemy has
 already fired a few shots at you. Just take your time, and
 strafe to avoid their fire. One strategy I’ve found to increase
 accuracy when the enemy is wildly moving about is actually to
 let strafing act as a sort of aiming. Once you’ve got your
 crosshair on the same level as the enemy, for example, on the
 same level as the body, strafe in whichever direction the enemy
 is moving, to line-up your shot on them. For example, an
 Engineer is running back and forth firing off shotty rounds at
 you, sometimes simply aiming can work great, but it’s also easy
 to miss, and you only have six shots. Move your crosshair so
 that when you strafe to the left or right it will fall upon the
 enemy; once you lineup with the enemy; fire. Sounds odd, but it
 works incredibly well. Why would you do this? Well, seeing as
 how you’re adding strafing as a way of lining up your shot,
 you’re increasing the difficulty for your enemy to hit you. Try
 it out, practice. 


20) Walking backwards towards your enemy ("retreating to them")
 can sometimes be one of the most discrete ways of sneaking
 amongst enemy ranks. Though, abusing your option of doing so
 could manifest a growing suspicion of you in the eyes of your
 enemy. Walking backwards is usually done when you are running
 out of cloak in, or amongst enemy ranks, and it's always done
 when your team is present so it appears as if you are concerned
 with them. For example, one time I was running out of cloak, so
 I quickly looked for a spot to de-cloak, which in this case was
 on the other side of some rather large crate. After de-cloaking
 I quickly left my position joining nearby-by enemy forces (which
 were within my relative vicinity). I decided to face where the
 choke point was (thus facing my team) and I evasively backed
 off. This is effective because moving like the enemy makes you
 appear more believable in their eyes.


 Sometimes backing up can be risky, here are a few tips:

  A. Try to avoid bumping into an enemy while backing-
     up. This is an immediate give away to most every

  B. It's also useful to appear as if you are fearful
     of your own team. For example, if they are
     launching rockets at near-by enemies, you should
     dodge your own teams rockets, and other such gun
     fire. Again, if the enemy sees you dodging
     rockets, and other firepower, they'll be more
     likely to believe that you're one of them.
  C. Don't walk backwards in areas where it wouldn't
     make sense to do so. For example, once you are far
     from a choke point you'd tend to assume that there
     aren't many enemies near-by, so walking backwards
     and darting around as if to be afraid of your own
     team that is across the map looks incredibly
     suspicious. I've seen some foolish Spies do this
     before. The outcome is death.


  D. Getting caught in crossfire is the leading cause
     of death. Which for whatever reason is usually a
     rocket to your face. Attempt avoiding crossfire
     to the best of your ability.


21) Once you're behind a bunch of enemies who are all facing away
 from you, there is a certain way that you should go about
 stabbing them. Try to stab each enemy in succession from closest
 to furthest enemy from you. That way each enemy that you kill
 will be taken out outside the visual scope of the enemies in
 front of them, granting you the option of stabbing them next.


22) This may be a bit obvious, but, generally speaking, it's a
 good idea to disguise as a class that you've just killed. For
 example, if you kill a Sniper, hide, disguise as a Sniper, then
 return the area in which you killed the Sniper. 


-Section 4)    Targets (Who and who not to stab)             [A4]
=======================[Best Targets]============================

  Despite the fact that every enemy is a target, there are
 certain classes that should be targeted more so than others,
 here is that list, allow me to explain…


 Due to the Heavies slow movement, large figure, and the
 fact that he is a huge threat to your team, Heavies are probably
 the most satisfying targets to take out with one swift stab to
 the back.

 Due to the nature of the Heavy, they are almost always firing
 their gun when on the front lines. Make sure to avoid being
 struck in the crossfire. If you managed to get shot, you're
 cloaking will shimmer to the enemy, giving away your position.


 Hunting Medics is often times critical in keeping the enemy from
 advancing. Anytime you kill a Medic you are shutting-out the
 enemy's opportunity of ubercharging and pushing. With that said,
 you can save your team quite a bit of trouble taking them out.
 Here’s the problem with hunting Medics… A good Medic knows
 enough to keep his ass in constant motion while healing, so,
 they move randomly, and often times spin around. If you can’t
 backstab the Medic easily or, you miss, forget it and hurry to
 whomever they are healing, which is usually either a Heavy or a
 Soldier, and backstab them instead.

 As I've stated, you'll oftentimes find a good Medic to be very
 difficult to take out, they are o'so aware of spies. Half the
 time you attempt to kill one, or, even much of the time that you
 manage to kill the person they were healing, they will hunt you
 down and slice you with their bonesaw. Talk about terrifying
 and if that's not bad, you can expect to die too many times to
 a bombardment of syringes. So despite the fact that Medics are
 crucial targets, a competent Medic is very difficult. 

 The verdict:
 You're goal should always be to kill enemy Medics, as they are
 hugely important to team support. Go for the stabbing if the
 opportunity arises. If you miss the Medic while stabbing, you
 should either A) Stealth, then retreat. or. B) Back-stab the
 next closest enemy, which will typically be the person the enemy
 Medic had been healing.  


 What better target than a Sniper? Snipers are usually a
 great distance from your team situated in some perch, or, at the
 very least, are looking through their scope somewhere far-off
 completely unaware of their surroundings. Often times if you
 find one Sniper, you find two or three more (which is often
 times the case if 2fort), Happy stabbings!


-Engineers (and all that they create):
    *** See the below section; "HOW TO HANDLE ENGINEERS" ***


 The Demoman can oftentimes be a great target because they
 typically play defensively, setting up sticky bombs and waiting
 for the helpless to pass by them. As such he'll be waiting
 nearby, carefully eyeing his stickies. Waiting comes in a few
 ways for a Demoman. Either he will be crouched somewhere eyeing
 his stickies, or he'll be frantically moving around an area
 within visual range of his stickies (The ladder half being the
 more difficult to take out). Because of this, they can be great
 targets. The only time they can be a pain is in the above case
 where they may move about in a frantic, erratic way.

 Also, if they do see you, they can on occasion be easy to deal
 with even if they are shooting at you from point-blank range,
 this is because they don't rely on sheer impact but explosions
 to kill their enemies. Up-close, a smart Demoman will resort to
 beating you with his bottle, in which case, good luck!


 The soldier is another great target, and can easily be
 backstabbed due to his cumbersome nature. You better make sure
 he doesn't see you coming, if he does, you may be greeted with
 a rocket; which Upon impact you will blow you to pieces. It's a
 risky class to deal with, because of the fact that their rockets
 are so lethal to the Spy. If you fail to backstab a soldier and
 thus reveal yourself to him, don't expect to make it away alive.
 That point can prove true to most classes, missing a backstab
 will usually result in death. Also, another almost comical
 situation that you may face when dealing with a Soldier is
 getting blown up when he is innocently rocket-jumping somewhere.
 It happens, the splash damage is enough to kill the Spy, watch


 Surprisingly, Spy vs. Spy can be quite effective. Though one
 must take a different approach in dealing with Spies. Don't go
 looking high and low for the enemy Spies, just keep your eyes
 open, and check your teammates by attempting to walk through
 them. Oftentimes once on the enemy's turf, you'll see their
 Spies leave spawn and take on a disguise. You can chase them and
 stab them, which can become really easy depending on the
 disguise they choose seeing as how some disguises hinder the
 Spy's overall speed. If you can't catch up, you may consider
 dueling the enemy Spy with your revolver, may the better Spy
 For the record, more typically Spies are a class that you kill
 when they happen to cross paths with you, you don't go looking
 for them. You might see a supposed teammate acting suspicious,
 good kill him, stab him in the back he's a spy. You may also
 witness that Spy break disguise and start backstabbing your
 teammates, again, stab him in the back.

 As far as your overall desired targets, enemy Spies should not
 be a primary focus, but rather a spur of the moment one. With
 that said, if while in the enemy's base you see a Spy take on a
 disguise, or if you see a disguised Spy (which is easy to spot
 seeing as how they are probably disguised as your team's color,
 and aren't getting shot at by your enemy around them) I'd
 usually recommend ignoring him, continuing on with bigger,
 better things.

 Note: It'll become pretty simple to spot enemy Spies once you
       learn what to look for. On occasion, your team may cry
       out that a particular Spy is giving them a great deal of
       trouble, also, said Spy may focus on the same area time
       and time again upon re-spawning. In said scenario, it's
       always nice to help out your team, this can be done in a
       multitude of ways. You could hideout waiting for the Spy
       to come to you. You could attempt deterring the enemy
       Spy by disguising as a friendly Pyro, as such they will
       be more timid upon approach. Also, being that you're goal
       is to take out an enemy Spy, think outside the box. Think
       about how you would play Spy if you were on the
       opposing team. If you know the map, you'll know specific
       routes that good Spies will use often, in addition, you'll
       be aware of many other map specific tactics that Spies
       have at their disposal. There is nothing better than out-
       smarting a rival Spy. 


 Stabbing aside, the following are also key targets that a Spy
 must consider...

 It is worth noting that the easiest target is a tele entrance,
 based on the fact that nothing is around to protect it but that
 of enemies who re-spawn near them.

-Sentry Gun: 
 The Spy is unique in that he is the only class in the game
 capable of disabling Engineer structures. He is oftentimes key
 in handling  enemy Sentries. A well placed Sentry, in
 combination with a pressuring enemy opposition  can more than
 cripple your team. Taking out these bad boys will definitely aid
 your team immensely. 

 Taking out dispensers is also very important because they
 provide Engineers with more metal with which to repair their
 things. In addition, they heal the enemy, and replenish their
 ammo supply. It's very important to take these out.

 Oftentimes these are located near an Engineer's dispenser and
 sentry. If this is not the case, then they are placed in a 
 discrete place that is really not to difficult to spot. These
 are fairly simple to take out, as the sapper finishes them off
 before most Engineers have time to save them. 

 *Make sure to check out the Engineer specific section later in
  the guide. 


=======================[Worst Targets]===========================

 Enemy Pyros are a Spy’s greatest fear, and will cause the
 most aggravation. This is because Pyros tend to spray their fire
 randomly, and all too often in that random spraying they will
 singe you and catch you ablaze. Once you are on fire, you are
 tagged to the entire enemy team. Now they can all see that
 you're a Spy. usually, If you walk into a Pyro, even for a
 second, they burn you to death, so avoid them above all else.
 Also, probably the most aggravating of all is the fact that they
 help baby-sit sentry guns and dispensers with the Engineers;
 making it very difficult for a Spy to do any real damage,
 though, on occasion, a Spy can still be successful in sapping
 and destroying things even in the presence of a Pyro. Messing
 with an enemy Pyro will almost always result in being burned to
 death. If you're on fire, can't escape for health (which stops
 you from burning), and can't jump into water, then don't go down
 without a fight. Sap stuff, stab people, go out and take the
 entire world with you.


 Sure Scouts are typically thought of as weak, and puny, this
 maybe so through the eyes of a hulking Heavy, or a psychotic
 rocket-wielding Soldier. However, from a Spy's point-of-view,
 Scouts can be devastating. Most Spies probably have nightmares
 of their rapidly swinging bat. The reason Scouts are so deadly
 to Spies is as follows. First of all they are so fast. When you
 turn corners while cloaked a Scout might come out of nowhere and
 run into you, in this case you are almost always dead. You've
 been discovered... They will run around shooting their scatter
 gun and pummeling the air with their bat, covering far more area
 than you at a much more quicker rate. If you run out of cloak,
 forget it, back stabbing, or at the very least, stabbing them to
 death is very difficult, and unless you are dead-on with the
 revolver, expect to see that bat finding its way to your face!


-Section 5)       HOW TO HANDLE ENGINEERS                    [A5]

 As a Spy, you'll spend a great deal of time taking out both
 Engineers, and their establishments. The following is a list of
 many of, if not all of the possible scenarios you'll experience
 in dealing with them.


 Before I begin, I decided to add a few general pointers when
 dealing with Engineers.

 • Generally speaking, in most scenarios, it's safer to stab the
   Engineer, then sap his establishment.

 • If you backstab the Engineer whilst he is behind a tier three
   Sentry, you'll actually be able to follow up with a sapper to
   the sentry if you move very quickly. However, speed isn't the
   only factor at hand. Typically, it's best to move around the
   sentry a slight bit, dodging the revolving turret before
   sapping. This works very well, you just have to follow the
   motion of the turret. You can actually move around the turret
   just as fast, if not faster, as it can turn to face you. Which
   means so long as you don't mess-up, you'll be able to sap it. 
   This is probably one of the flashiest things a Spy can do.
 • Another useful tip deals with enemy dispensers. Pay attention
   to enemy dispenser location, with relation to that particular
   Engineer's Sentry. More often than not, an Engineer will build
   both his dispenser and Sentry in close proximity to one
   another. You can actually use this to your advantage. In some
   scenarios you may stab the Engineer and not have time to deal
   with his tier three sentry. You can avoid the sentry entirely
   by hiding behind the dispenser. A sentry built by Engineer "A"
   can not shoot through a dispenser built by said Engineer. It
   acts as sort of barrier, the sentry can't even see you once
   you duck behind it. Use this to your advantage. Be careful
   though, if the dispenser you hide behind is made by a
   different Engineer than the one who made the sentry, the 
   sentry will target and shoot you through the dispenser. 


1.) Sometimes you’ll find that an Engineer has left his
 establishment unattended, in which case sap everything in sight.
 Though, most Engineers are smart enough to baby-sit sit their
 sentry gun, dispenser, and usually a tele exit. So, it’s not
 always this simple.


2.) When they are camping their sentry gun and dispenser take
 note of a few things. Firstly, where is the dispenser in 
 relation to them? Usually they crouch with their sentry gun to
 their front and their dispenser to their rear. Secondly, where
 are you in relation to your target Engineer? If you come at the
 Engineer from the front, and he can see you, even in disguise,
 he will suspect that you’re a Spy, and will greet you with a
 few shotty rounds or a pleasant smack of the wrench to your
 face. So it’s imperative to cloak and get by the target
 Engineer, then de-cloak in a safe place. Now, coming from a
 natural place, approach the Engineer. Usually, approaching
 from behind yields the best results being that you have the
 element of surprise on your side. If this is the case, you have
 a few options.


  A. Sap everything near the Engineer and attempt to
     stab him.(Sometimes risky because he could repair
     the sentry just as you stab him and you’ll
     probably die. Though, sometimes you can get a
     clean stab at his back.)


  B. Backstab the unsuspecting Engineer then
     immediately sap the sentry followed by the
     dispenser.(which is the most risky thing to do
     with a tier 3 sentry as it could turn and kill you
     faster than you can sap it). To avoid being shot
     by the sentry, as stated above, you can move
     around it as it rotates towards you. If you dodge
     toe turret effectively enough, you'll be able to
     sap it with no problem. 


  C. Sap everything, then strafe like mad re-sapping as
     the Engineer knocks off your sappers. keeping the
     Engineer as busy as possible is key. During this
     sap-fest, if the moment presents itself, backstab
     the Engineer. If not, continue to re-sap, while
     attempting to kill the Engineer. Overwhelming the
     Engineer is always advised. (You might use C when
     an Engineer builds his things in such a way that
     his back is to a wall and he can’t be backstabbed.
     Which is often times the case for certain areas of
     many maps. Usually in said scenario the Engineer
     will be sitting on top of his dispenser, which is
     against the corner of a room.)
     Conversely, if he is atop his dispenser, and his
     back is to the wall you can use his Sentry gun as
     a step stool to get on top of the Engineer.
     Though, to do this, you must be cloaked, otherwise
     the Engineer will be aware of you. Once you get
     on top of the engineer, crouch, and stab downwards
     nearest his back, this should result in a


3.) The Engineer is building a sentry. Approach him from behind
 making sure that his sentry is facing AWAY from you, backstab
 him, and then IMMEDIATELY sap the sentry. It’s not worth making
 it known to the Engineer that you are there. So sometimes
 stabbing first is the way to go, and can save you the pain of
 being beat to death by an angry wrench-wielding yellow-helmeted
 Engineer... Ultimately, I ALWAYS recommend you stab them in the
 back first, so long as you are directly behind the sentry--
 it is key that the sentry is facing away from you, you'll be
 able to stab then sap before it can fully turn to you. This
 grows increasingly more risky as the sentry advances in tech
 level. Stab-sapping is generally made easier when you strafe
 around the turret, attempting to avoid the revolving sentry so
 to provide you the opportunity to sap it. You'll find this
 useful with tier three sentries, try it out, experiment...

 Note: This works on each level sentry, though the risk increases
 as the sentry advances. For example, if you backstab the
 Engineer then fail to sap his tier 3 sentry before it turns to
 shoot you; you're more than likely dead. Speed is everything

 Note: This becomes more difficult to pull off when an Engineer
 is sandwiched between a dispenser and his sentry, because in
 this case, usually you can't situate yourself directly behind
 the sentry unless you are sitting atop his dispenser, then
 stab, then sap. Try backstabbing the Engineer, then very 
 quickly back of seeking cover behind his dispenser. 

 Note: If a sentry turned fast enough to shoot you... you can
 take quite a few hits from a tier 1 sentry before you die. So
 you have time to approach it and sap, even from the front.
 A Tier 2 sentry is more deadly, but still if you get clipped 
 you'll survive plenty long enough to sap it. Finally, as I've
 mentioned, if a tier 3 sentry turns quickly enough to fire at
 you the rocket pods will kill you in one strike.

 Note: #3 is absolutely the way to go in handling Engineers in
 sudden-death mode. It's especially helpful in this scenario
 because so long as you backstab the Engineer so to do you
 destroy their establishment. So in this case you don't have to
 worry about which way the their sentry is facing, but rather
 you want to make sure that if you attempt striking them in the
 back, don't miss. 


4.) Sometimes you will find a sentry and dispenser off to the
 side, with no protection, but you know an Engineer is near
 enough that he can get there in time to halt your sapping. The
 best thing to do in such a scenario is to shoot whatever it is
 that you sapped with your revolver, thus blowing your cover.
 This is the smartest thing a Spy can do given the situation and
 scenario. While something is sapped it is loosing health
 rapidly, and sometimes not quickly enough for it to die before
 the aid of a near-by Engineer, so shooting the target, while
 sapped will surely get the job done. This strategy is usually
 done when no one is around to kill you when you come out of your
 disguise. Though, it is also sometimes a last-ditch effort to
 ensure that a sentry dies before you die.


5.) The last word of advice I have for you is how to deal with
 one of those smartass Engineers who figures out how to get to an
 area that is typically out of reach, thus making sapping
 impossible. Seeing as how you can get behind enemy lines fairly
 easily as a Spy, position yourself in or near the enemies base,
 the best place being a somewhat secluded area. Then, shoot the
 dispenser with your revolver, it may not seem so accurate, but
 you'll soon see the dispenser smoking, and catch ablaze. It 
 only takes a few shots from even quite a distance to take out a
 dispenser; taking out the sentry is next on the list. Fire
 away at the sentry, it will take a clip or two, so between 6
 and 12 bullets to kill a tier 3 sentry.

 Note: Always use #5 when dealing with an Engineer who is too
 difficult to take out, for whatever reason (it could be that he
 has Pyros protecting him). Make sure to position yourself
 outside the sentry's range. 

 Note: The last thing an Engineer expects from a Spy is that
 he'll attack his establishment by simply shooting at it. Most
 Engineers take so much care as to how they build their
 establishment as to hinder the Spy's chances of succeeding them,
 that they overlook the obvious. 

 Specific Map Examples of #5:
 Gravel Pit

 When on the offensive, you might notice that at point C, some 
 rather intelligent Engineer has built his stuff on the roof of
 the tower at C. Not that platform near the control point, but
 the slanted roof on the backend. That Engineer's sentry can do
 quite a bit of damage to your team because he is relatively safe
 and can easily repair without worry of spies and whatnot. Or is

 Position yourself in the far corner of the enemy base, where the
 Snipers hang out, more specifically, in the corner near the
 enemy's right spawn point door against the wall. From their, 
 you'll avoid a fair amount of enemies as they may spawn and run
 right past you, also you'll have a perfect line-up to that
 little roof and the Engineer. Take out the dispenser first,
 shooting it wildly. Then destroy as much as you can, I’d
 recommend taking out the sentry next.

 Also nearly every time this map is played an Engineer sets up on 
 the left side of C, on that ramp just beyond the spawn entrance.
 If that Engineer has been giving you trouble, I'd advise
 following the above steps in taking out his sentry as well. 


 In Well, I find it to be necessary on occasion to shoot an
 Engineer's set-up from the third floor area above the 2nd
 control point (this is the highest area in which there is a
 large rectangular gap in the floor).

 Assuming you're at the enemies base, and there is no threat up
 there with you. You may find that the best way to take out the
 Engineer's stuff is crouching, and making sure you are
 positioned in such a way that enemy sentry gun(s) can't hit
 you, then take out the dispenser, and sentry gun(s) with your
 trusty revolver. Sometimes this is more useful than sapping,
 because often times you die when sapping because another enemy
 intervenes you, like a Pyro or Soldier. If you're quick enough
 you can kill off one structure at a time without the Engineer
 knowing where you are, and how his stuff is dieing.


Section 6)        Map Specific Strategies                    [A6]

 Most of these strategies utilize the concept of "looping". The
 idea of looping, in short, is finding a path in a map that will
 easily take you behind the enemy, and in a congested area. Kill
 as many of said enemies as possible, then cloak and make your
 way to the path that brought you behind the enemy in the first
 place. Repeat the slaughter. Hence the "looping." This technique
 is usually a sure-fire success. Obviously, it will require some
 on-the-fly maneuvering to decrease your predictability to the
 enemy. They may catch onto you patterns. However, there are so
 many patterns, that your enemy can't possibly track each one.
 Just be smart, loop till it no longer works, than change the
 pattern, then go back to the original pattern that worked. 
 Confuse and dismay your enemy.

 The following examples are brought to you nearly entirely by
 nodforlife. Kudos to him as he has spent quite a bit of time
 going over many of the maps in considerable detail. Though don't
 worry, Delkin didn't slack here entirely. The only map specific
 strategy that he's responsible for is that of CP_Well. In
 addition he added to many of the sections, namely the Hydro
 additional information and tips, and a brief opening for 
 Gravel Pit.

 We hope this section illustrates the effectiveness of the above
 strategies, and ideas. 


 This is probably among the most difficult maps to play Spy on,
 since the distance between your base and theirs is usually large
 and takes up your entire cloak meter, often causing you to
 reveal yourself in the middle of their base and subsequently be
 shot. Don't worry, the key here is experience. With practice,
 you'll learn where best to cloak, and where best to de-cloak. In
 which case you'll find yourself lined up for tons of kills on
 this map. There are two ways to play Hydro as a Spy: rush-
 stopper or base-sapper. Most variations of Hydro have two paths
 to the enemy side, so bottlenecking occurs frequently. If you
 decide to be a rush-stopper, find a decent nook in the pathway
 between bases to cloak, wait for their rush to go by, then try
 to kill their Medics, Heavies, etc. For the Spy on Hydro, the
 best defense can really be a good offense, because you will stop
 their rushes cold before they can cause any damage to your side.
 Your ally Snipers may hate you for stealing their kills before
 they are in range, but hey, they should be less cowardly anyway.
 The other option is to try to destroy the opponent’s defenses.
 This takes more finesse, since killing a sentry on Hydro is less
 important than other maps. Because of the distance between
 control points, the Engineers often have time to repair their
 destroyed buildings before your team can bust through their
 lines and take advantage of the lull in defense. I'd only
 recommend trying to sap their defenses if you can time your saps
 with your team’s rushes, sapping them right before your team
 makes a big offensive push. Often, the opponents will become so
 preoccupied with trying to kill the Spy they will be caught
 off-guard by the rush and your allies can get the point.

•Additional Hydro Tips

 I've received e-mails from people still experiencing difficulty
 on this map, namely the fact that they don't have enough cloak
 to maneuver around safely, and as such de-cloak in sight of
 enemy forces and die. 

 As stated above, Hydro is a difficult map to play as Spy for a
 few reasons, primarily due-to-the-fact that the map is large,
 and rather wide-open. Your cloak meter is just barely enough to
 reach the enemy's side, let alone navigating it. Here are some
 furthering pointers that will hopefully aid you. Keep in mind
 that Hydro is one of the more difficult maps as Spy because you
 need to be at the peek of your game to truly do well, as it
 demands the utmost of Spy coordination. Sure a newer Spy can
 become lucky and do well, but if there are experienced players
 lurking, a new Spy can only get so far. 

 Here are some keynotes to aid in the success of Spying in this

 1. Cloak at the last possible second-- though always before
    entering enemy sights. (this ensures that you have the max
    amount of cloak available when sneaking around the enemy's

 2. Chose disguises quickly, and effectively. Pyro is one of the
    best disguises on any map. In addition, this map is a major
    Sniping map, and as such executing a Sniper disguise when
    in the appropriate area is immensely effective, namely when
    taking out snipers. Also, Engineers go nuts on this map,
    which again points to the fact that an Engineer disguise
    will often prove effective. Beyond said disguises, Demoman
    isn't bad either, as it doesn't decrease your speed much.

 3. When de-cloaking, obviously de-cloaking behind cover is
    essential to the success of a Spy. Though, sometimes things
    don't work out so smoothly, at the very least, de-cloak far
    out of enemy range or sight (e.g. if you're on the enemy's
    side, and are running out of cloak and can't reach cover in
    time, try to back as far from the enemy as you can and don't
    stop somewhere to replenish cloaking. Just pray that your
    sloppy de-cloaking was unseen by the enemy). Keep moving once
    on the enemy side. One great place to de-cloak on many
    versions of Hydro is under one of the many bridges. I
    recommend that you scurry to the furthest bridge in an enemy
    base when de-cloaking-- again don't wait under the bridge for
    your cloaking to replenish as enemy's will kill you on-
    sight, immediately suspecting that you're a Spy. For the
    record, once you know the map well, and where and when to 
    deploy your cloak, finding cover should be no problem. Though
    Hydro has some expansive open areas, there are always plenty
    of places to hide, I assure you. Be creative, and spontaneous.

 4. Always try using the back-way first (try to avoid moving with
    your team). Though, sometimes it's not quite that simple, you
    may find that every time you attempt to use a back-way, which
    tends to be a narrow path, you run into an enemy who also
    decided to play it sneaky, as such you could die in a heart-
    beat. Though, if you are able to bypass an entrance as such,
    it will be far more easy to slip through the enemy's base,
    and usually with more cloak at your disposal. If a back-way
    continually fails, the primary path(s) can be just as
    effective if not more so, it's just a matter of cloaking at
    the right moment which in this case, and all cases, is the
    last possible second, just before entering enemy sights. Also,
    another reason to avoid primary paths is the fact that there's

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